Aztec and Inca DBQ

Topics: Aztec, Machu Picchu, Inca Empire Pages: 3 (1165 words) Published: November 26, 2013
Both the Aztecs and the Incas demonstrated outstanding cultural, intellectual, and religious developments in their societies. These Empires maintained a high level of cultural development due to their social, architectural, and religious aspects. The social effects of the Aztec and Incan Empires clearly emphasized the amazing cultural development that occurred there. The Mendoza Codex (Document 1) is an example that shows the daily activities and customs of the Aztec society. It shows the type of work done by people depending on their gender. The men were taught how to fish and hunt while the women were taught how to work with crafts. The point of view is the author(s) that wrote the Mendoza Codex and believed what was right for each gender. The page from the Codex Mendoza (Document 6) shows how advanced the Aztec marketplace was because of the great variety of goods they contained. The point of view was probably from the author(s) that wrote the Codex Mendoza and saw the items that were being sold there. In the memoirs of the conquistador Bernal Diaz del Castillo, he describes the quality and vast amounts of goods sold at the Aztec marketplace (Document 7). He states how the items were displayed and the policies that enforced order throughout the marketplace. Bernal Diaz is the author of this document and does show bias because he compared the Aztec marketplace to the marketplace of Portugal, and is truly only interested in gold, silver, and slaves, rather than everything else that is offered in the marketplace. The picture of the Chinampa system shows the importance of the agricultural method of the Aztecs as well as how the geography of the area promoted its use (Document 8). Much force needed to be exerted by the workers in order to harvest the crops because of the soil-dredged islands. Although it required a lot of labor, it resulted in great benefits since they produced many crops. The author’s POV is most likely a historian who studied the agricultural...
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