Automatic Vehicle Accident Detection And
Messaging System Using GPS and GSM
Sri Krishna Chaitanya Varma, Poornesh, Tarun Varma, Harsha
Abstract —The aim of our work is to find the vehicle accident location by means of sending a message using a system which is placed inside of vehicle system. The main purpose is to provide security to the vehicle in very reasonable cost. So in this work we are using the basic microcontroller AT89C52 for cost effective and also for easy understanding. Here we used assembly programming for better accuracy and GPS and GSM modules which helps to trace the vehicle anywhere on the globe. The exact location of the vehicle is sent to our remote devices (mobile phones) using GSM modem.
Index Terms— GPS (Global Positioning System); GSM (Global Service for Mobile Applications); Microcontroller.
Road accidents constitute the major part of the accident deaths 2 WORKING PRINCIPLE all over the world. According to the Insurance Institute for
Highway Safety (IIHS), new cars and its high-tech safety features have helped to lessen auto related deaths over the past 12 years.
Though it credits technology for lessening auto accidents, yet the
IIHS cannot help accusing bad driving behaviours like drunken driving, speeding and not using seatbelts for still causing major traffic deaths. Automatic vehicle accident detection and messaging system is an embedded intelligence implanted into the automobile.
Our paper describes about the AUTOMATIC VEHICLE ACCIDENT DETECTION AND MESSAGING SYSTEM using GPS and GSM technologies. We are using AT89C52 microcontroller in our project. When the system is switched on, LED will be ON indicating that power is supplied to the circuit. When the IR sensors that we are using in our project sense any obstacle, they send interrupt to
References: 1 Issue 1 (August 2012)   “Wireless accident information using gps and gsm” September 15, 2012,Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, © Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2012