RFID-based Ticketing for Public Transport System: Perspective Megacity Dhaka
**Md. Foisal Mahedi Hasan, *Golam Tangim, *Md. Kafiul Islam, *Md. Rezwanul Haque Khandokar, ***Arif Ul Alam *Junior Lecturer, SECS, Independent University, Bangladesh, email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com **Engineer, Core Network Planning, Robi (Axiata), Dhaka, Bangladesh, email: firstname.lastname@example.org ***Lecturer, Dept. of ETE, University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh, email: email@example.com
Abstract-The paper based public transport ticketing system, prevailing in the megacity Dhaka (Bangladesh), introduces severe malfunction in the system, malicious argument among public, corruption and most of all traffic jam. This paper actually suggests a much more public friendly, automated system of ticketing as well as the credit transaction with the use of RFID based tickets. The total system mainly acts to bring out the consistency among various bus agencies that will conclude in uniform access of passengers in daily rides through an automated server being updated every single time the passengers travel by carrying the RFID based tickets. Keywords: RFID ticketing; Public transport system;
between them and the bus supervisors or the operators. Again having no government authority to take control or keep an eye over the whole scenario, the private sectors are creating a monopoly, taking control over the public transport and autocratic raise in bus fair. The tracking and ticketing systems using RFID can be merged to solve the prevailing problems. Even though the GPS based system can be designed, we propose the RFID based tickets for its low cost, easy operation, portability, durability, reliability and being much more user friendly. Also the high speed RFID tags and detectors make the tracking system of a running bus merely a child’s play. Public carrying RFID based electronic tickets will have access to any bus service of the city only entering his current location and his destination on the keypad attached to every bus. The data will directly be transferred to the server main database and the equivalent credit will be stored in the corresponding bus account. Also the screen at every bus stop will notify the passengers, the departure time of the last bus of any route. This automated system will save time, have a higher authoritative inspection and reduce chaos and confusion on the road. II. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a generic term for technologies that use radio waves to automatically identify and track product, animal, or person by means of using RFID tags that are applied or incorporated on them. An RFID system consists of
As for the RFID application, it’s been a widespread tool for both tracking the transit transports and for the public ticketing system. It’s already been an outstanding achievement throughout the globe including big cities like London, Helsinki, Shanghai, Istanbul, Moscow, Porto and many more. The system can be implemented for subways, railways and public bus services for the sake of systematic operations in corresponding cases. In the megacity Dhaka, the conventional system of public transport is based on paper based bus or railway tickets that ultimately lead to chaos among public, system loss, corruption and most of all traffic jam that is responsible for a huge wastage of time. No prior notification of the arrival and departure of the transports are available creating a lot of confusion among the passengers resulting in a rough argument
a tag, basically a microchip with an antenna and an interrogator or reader with an antenna. Most RFID tags contain at least two parts that is shown in figure1. One is an integrated circuit for storing and processing information, modulating and demodulating a radio-frequency (RF) signal, and other specialized functions. The second is an antenna for receiving and transmitting the signal. The reader
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Figure 6. Flow chart for RFID ticket reading & automatic transaction
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