THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Rail transport in the Philippines is a growing means of transportation for passengers and cargo in the country. Such means of transportation are used typically for rapid transport within major cites as well as long distance travel. The Philippine railway network consists of one commuter rail service provided by the Philippine National Railways (PNR), and a rapid transit system operated by the Light Rail Transit Authority and Metro Rail Transit Corporation. Rail transport in the Philippines has been running for over 120 years. The Philippine National Railways is a state-owned railway system in the Philippines, organized under the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC) as an attached agency. Unlike the two transit system operated by MRT Corporation and LRT Authority, PNR has been beset with problems regarding degraded infrastructure and manual ticketing systems in every station. Those problems brought PNR management and the passengers to interruption. Every single day, there are long queues in ticket booths especially in rush hours because of its dawdling system that needs to be automated. For every passenger, time is truly gold thus making use of technology in order to produce a fast and reliable ticketing system would be significantly feasible.
Background of the Study
Transit fare collection technology has evolved from the manual – based systems in used before 1970 to automated systems with computer – based hardware and software. These major advancements in fare collection have been made possible through advances in the design of fare media, the use of micro-processors and software in fare collection equipment, and the development of sophisticated control and data communications systems. A more-recent innovation has been the development of contactless smart cards, which have very quick transaction speeds required in transit applications. PNR has a lot of passengers each day even if it’s quite old compare to the two rapid transits. The main reason is because PNR provides cheaper fare than the other transits. Since there are hundreds of passengers in every station each day, there are always long queues at the entrance which became a hindrance to students, working and ordinary people who are in a rush. The problem is caused by the manual ticketing system of the station. We can say that our nation’s owned railway transit has been left out by the technology nowadays. As an Information Technology students and passengers as well, we’re able to think of a technology – based system that will help the PNR community have a fast and convenient transactions. That is the “PNR Automated Fare Collection System”. The system isn’t new at all because it already exists in other developed countries like USA, China and Japan. We we’re able to put some uniqueness in the system, proudly made by Filipino students. An Automated Fare Collection (AFC) system is the core system required to support an efficient integrated ticketing system. AFCs are being widely adopted by public mass transportation systems around the world. We all know and have sometime used automated ticketing systems on public transportation, but we never give a thought to how it works. We just buy the ticket from the ticket office and then use it to go through the access gates. This is something quite simple that we use in everyday life. However, this is only the side a user sees. Behind this simple interface, there are some quite complex systems and technologies, which make the system user friendly for travelers.
As we’ve said before, public transport ticketing systems have evolved a lot in recent years. They have gone from paper tickets to magnetic tickets, and have kept evolving to what we use nowadays: contactless technology. This new automated fare collection system has more features with less manpower interaction. With this technology, depending upon the options available, passengers can...
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