Autism Spectrum Disorder

Topics: Autism, Asperger syndrome, Autism spectrum Pages: 2 (590 words) Published: March 21, 2013
* Autism affects 1 in 88 children and 1 in 54 boys
* Autism’s figures are now growing
* Autism is the fastest growing serious developmental disability in the U.S. * Autism costs a family $60,000 a year on average
* Autism receives less than 5% of the research funding of many less prevalent childhood diseases * Boys are nearly five times more likely than girls to have autism ironically * There is no medical detection or cure for autism today

* Autism awareness day is in April
* Autism’s ribbon is multi colored with puzzle pieces
* Autism’s symptoms appear between the ages 2 and 3
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both terms used to describe a group of complex disorders of the brain’s development. These disorders are characterized by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication. The disorder is also characterized by behavior. They include autistic disorder, Rhett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental and Asperger syndrome. ASD can be associated with intellectual disability, difficulties in coordination and attention and physical health issues. Those such as sleep and gastrointestinal disturbances. Some people, who have ASD, excel in visual skills, music, math and art. The most obvious signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to appear between 2 and 3 years of age. Scientists have identified a number of rare gene changes associated with autism. Most cases of autism appear to be caused by a combination of autism risk genes and environmental factors that affect early brain development. A number of nongenetic, or “environmental,” stresses further increase a child’s risk of developing autism. The clearest evidence of these autism risk factors involves events before and during birth. They include advanced parental age at time of conception (both mom and dad), maternal illness during pregnancy and certain difficulties during birth, particularly those involving...
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