Autism Causation VS correlation

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Sucher 1
RUNNING HEAD: AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER: WHAT’S CAUSING IT

Autism Spectrum Disorders: What’s causing them in our Children?
Angela Sucher
Renton Technical College

RUNNING HEAD: AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER: WHAT’S CAUSING IT Sucher 2 There is a diagnosis that is becoming more and more prevalent each year in our children; autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnoses continue to rise as parents continue to seek answers of their origins. Once thought primarily to be a singular disorder, autism is now diagnosed on a spectrum of disorders classified by three main symptoms. The autism spectrum holds two primary disorders, autistic disorder and Asperger syndrome; both disorders are characterized by profound symptoms of social and communicative impairments as well as repetitive behaviors (Veenstra, J. 2004). There is also a classification of either early on-set autism (where the child never acquires the social and communication skills) or regressive autism where they acquire the skills but lose them at some point before 24 months (Komaroff, A. 2011). ASD’s are now grabbing global attention as their rates continue to rise every year and parents everywhere continue to be plagued with the unanswered question: Why? As the CDC releases daunting statistics that 1:110 children will be diagnosed with an ASD ( CDC.2009) studies all around the world are searching for answers on what causes these developmental disorders in our children. Primarily, there have been three debates that have any scientific backing at all. So we will examine these studies in an attempt to answer if it is environmental, genetic or chemical factors that cause autism spectrum disorders in our children? Environmental factors have long been linked to ASD’s but are often mistaken for other causations. To thoroughly understand the studies linking environmental factors to ASD’s we must first understand that environmental factors are scientifically interpreted not just as



References: Baker, J PHD. (2008). Mercury, Vaccines and Autism One Controversy, Three histories. American Journal of Public Health, volume 98, no.2. Retrieved from: www.ncbi.nlm.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2376879/ Komaroff,A MD. (2011). Autism Spectrum disorders revisisted. Harvard Mental Health Letter, Volume 28, No. 4. Retrieved from: www.health.harvard.edu London,E. (2000). Is Autism on the Rise?. Inside Autism, October 7, 2004. Retrieved from: http://whyfiles.org/209autism/ McGuinness, T PHD. (2010). Update on Autism and Vaccines. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing, Volume 48, No. 6. Retrieved from: www.slackjournals.com/article.aspx?rid=6475 Moss,J. (2009). Autism spectrum disorders in genetic syndromes: implications for diagnoses, intervention and understanding the wider autism spectrum disorder population. Journal of Intellectual Disbaility Research, Volume 53, part 10. Retrieved from: http://onlinelibray.org Taylor, Brent FRPCH, (1999). Autism and Measles, Mumps and rubella vaccine: no epidemiological evidence for a causal association. outline goes here The Lancet, Volume 353, Issue 9169, Pages 2026 – 2029. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2376879/ Veenstra, J. (2004). Molecular genetics of austism spectrum disorder. Molecular Psychiatry, Volume 9. Retrieved from: http://www.nature.com/mp/journal/v9/n9/full/4001505a.html Unknown. (2011). Insights into the autism spectrum. Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 2011 Annual Report. Retrieved from: http://www.hhmi.org/annualreport2011/year-in-science/insights-into-the-autism-spectrum.html?gclid=CKzG5cjqya4CFWMGRQodbVnJCA Unknown. (2012,2008) Centers for disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from: www.cdc.gov

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