Autism and Mental Retardation

Topics: Mental retardation / Pages: 2 (485 words) / Published: Jul 23rd, 2013
Autism and Mental Retardation
Appendix F

CheckPoint: Autism and Mental Retardation
This is to be uploaded in the assignments section (along with your Certificate of Originality) by Friday, Day 5.

Respond to the following: 1. List the primary features of autism.
The primary feature of autism are lack of responsiveness, language problems, communication problems, limited imaginative play, rigid behavior, unusual motor movements, overstimulation, as well as under stimulation. 2. Which explanation for autism is no longer considered valid and lacks research support?
The explanation for autism that is no longer valid and lacks research support is sociocultural theory, which states that autism is from parents being distant, which has not been able to be proven through research. 3. What forms of treatment are helpful for a person with autism?
The forms of treatment that are helpful for a person with autism are behavioral therapy, communication training, as well as community integration. 4. List the criteria for a diagnosis of mental retardation:
The criteria for a diagnosis of mental retardation are below average general intellectual functioning as well as poor adaptive behavior. 5. Explain one way in which sociocultural biases in testing might pose problems for assessing mental retardation.
Sociocultural would have to do with environmental conditions as well as social status and based on that people may not be able to understand that even in the perfect environment and social status, they can be mentally retarded.

6. Of the four levels of mental retardation, into which category do most people with mental retardation fall?
Most people with mental retardation fall under level 1 at 85%. 7. What are the main types of biological causes of mental retardation?
The main types of biological causes of mental retardation are anything that impairs the development of the brain while in the womb, during labor, as well as in the first

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