Autism

Topics: Autism, Autism spectrum, Pervasive developmental disorder Pages: 21 (1606 words) Published: June 14, 2015
Autism
By:- Tanpreet Plaha
Period:- 1st

Introduction

 http://www.webmd.com/children/vaccines/vaccines-video/pediatrician-on-aut ism-vaccine-connection

Definition
Autism is a very complex disorder that
affects the way people experience and
interact with the world around them. (11)
Also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder
(ASD)

History
 It was a type of neuro-psychological condition from early 1900s  Eugen Bleuler
 First person to use the term “autism” to refer to the symptoms of schizophrenia
 In 1940
 Began to use the for children with emotional and social
problems
 Leo Kanner
 Researched and published a paper
 First time the term autism was correctly applied to the correct disease
(3)

Symptoms
 Unable to:
Communicate
Interact with people
Speak
Respond when call
Start a conversation

 Lack of interest in:
Sharing enjoyment
Talking to others
Expressing needs
Talking to others
(4,5)

Symptoms
 Has any loss of any language or social skill at any age
 Using gestures or pointing instead of words
 Little or no eye contact
 Not talking at all , or delay talking
 Does not say single words by 16 months
 Does not say two-word phrases on his or her own by 24
months

 Ignore, not able to respond
 Repeating words
(4,5)

Causes








Don’t know the exact cause
Are investigating a number of theories:
The links among heredity,
Genetics, and
Medical problems
Tends to run in families
Other studies are looking at other medical problems and
something in child's surroundings.
(7,8)

Current Status
Increasing
About 1 % of the world population has ASD
About 1 in 68 births in U.S.
More than 3.5 million Americans live with an autism
spectrum
disorder.
 In 1997, 1 of every 500 children was autistic. Today, in some parts of the country 1 of every 150 children is permanently
damaged by ASD.
 Boys are about four times more likely to develop ASD than girls are.





Trends

Inform Family & Friends

 Find a good place
 Siblings
 Age appropriate

Treatments

 Behavior and communication therapies
Social
Behavior
Communication

 Educational therapies
variety of activities to improve social skills
Language
(9)

Treatments
Family therapies
Family members also learn with children

Medications
Cannot improve, but can help control symptoms

Educate yourself about autism
Ask doctor and get training about how to manage
symptoms
Will also help in child's adulthood, so they can live by
themselves
(9)

Course of Action

 Family Therapies





Safe environment
Family together
Feel comfortable
Able to talk and share problems

Work Cited
1) Bonnice, Sherry. The Hidden Child: Youth with Autism. Broomall, PA: Mason Crest, 2004. Print.
2) Lennard-Brown, Sarah. Autism. Chicago, IL: Raintree, 2004. Print. 3) "A History of Autism." WebMD. WebMD, 2005. Web.
4) "Autism-Symptoms." WebMD. WebMD, 2005. Web.
5) "Symptoms | Autism Society." Autism Society Symptoms Comments. N.p., n.d. Web.
6) "Causes | Autism Society." Autism Society Causes Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 7) "Autism and Aspergers Slideshow: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments." WebMD. WebMD, 2005. Web.
8) "Autism-Topic Overview." WebMD. WebMD, 2005. Web.
9) "Autism Spectrum Disorder." Treatments and Drugs. Mayo Foundation, 1998. Web.

"Autism and Aspergers Slideshow: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments." WebMD. WebMD, 2005. Web. 12 June 2015.

 Bonnice, Sherry. The Hidden Child: Youth with Autism.
Broomall, PA: Mason Crest, 2004. Print.
 Lennard-Brown, Sarah. Autism. Chicago, IL: Raintree,
2004. Print.
 "A History of Autism." WebMD. WebMD, 2005. Web.
 "Autism-Symptoms." WebMD. WebMD, 2005. Web.
 "Symptoms | Autism Society." Autism Society Symptoms
Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 June 2015.
 "Causes | Autism Society." Autism Society Causes
Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 June 2015.
 "Autism...
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