By Chantelle Mulveney
What is Autism?
A group of complex disorders of brain development which, with varying degrees, can impact the individual in areas such as:
Communication (verbal and non verbal)
"If you have met one person with autism, well,
you have met one person with autism."
What is Autism?
There are five types of autism along the spectrum :
• The most severe form of autism
• Highest Functioning end of the spectrum
• Characterized by difficulty with social interactions, high degree of intelligence and a "quirky personality"
Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) • These individuals do not fully fulfil the criteria for a specific diagnosis but are nonetheless autistic
• Ranges from very mild to very severe
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
• These individuals have a severe and rapid loss of their social, motor, language and other skills previously acquired
• Almost exclusively affects females
• First signs include slow head growth and loss in usefulness of hands • Alike childhood disintegrative disorder these children will also lose social, motor, and language skills previously acquired
How to Recognize Autism
"Red flags" for autism include:
• No big smiles or other warm, joyful expressions by six months or thereafter
• No back-and-forth sharing of sounds, smiles or other facial expressions by nine months
• No babbling by 12 months
• No back-and-forth gestures such as pointing, showing, reaching or waving by 12 months
• No words by 16 months
• No meaningful, two-word phrases (not including imitating or repeating) by 24 months
• Any loss of speech, babbling or social skills at any age
How is Autism Diagnosed?
An autism diagnosis usually begins with a
parental concern due to developmental issues
2. Parent completes M-CHAT
3. If there is a concern the physician refers the child
for further testing
4. Specialized physicians and psychologists
administer autism-specific behavioural tests
Who is Affected?
• Autism is found in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups. • 1 in 68 children in the US have an ASD
Being a male
Being a first-born child
Certain genetic or chromosomal conditions such as fragile X syndrome or tuberous sclerosis Being born to older parents
Having a sibling with an ASD
• Liz. "Our Version of Normal." Our Version of Normal. N.p., 24 Jan. 2012. Web. 01 Oct. 2014. .
• "Autism Fact Sheet." : National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2014.
• "Autism Speaks English." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2014. . • Mayo Clinic Staff. "Childhood Disintegrative Disorder." Mayo Clinic. N.p., 6 Mar. 2013. Web. 1 Oct. 2014. . • "Research." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 09 Apr. 2014. Web. 01 Oct. 2014. . •
"Who Does Autism Affect?" My Child Without Limits RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2014. .
Bibliography: • Liz. "Our Version of Normal." Our Version of Normal. N.p., 24 Jan. 2012. Web. 01 Oct. 2014.
Web. 01 Oct. 2014.
• "Autism Speaks English." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2014.
• Mayo Clinic Staff. "Childhood Disintegrative Disorder." Mayo Clinic. N.p., 6 Mar. 2013. Web. 1 Oct.
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