Topics: Autism, Asperger syndrome, Pervasive developmental disorder Pages: 4 (1292 words) Published: February 24, 2014
Sam is a 16-year-old boy who struggles with autism every day. He was born six weeks premature. Weighing two pounds ten ounces, he remained in the hospital 6 weeks on account of his low birth weight, respiratory distress, and intraventricular hemorrhage. At the age of 12 months, his mom noticed that Sam was delayed on his speech, language, and cognitive development. At that time, he was placed in basic therapy. This therapy taught him to communicate with others through pictures, and gestures. Currently Sam is 16 and has a developmental equivalent of a two years old (Emily Rubin 1). The article, “History of Autism ”, reports “In the 1940s, researchers in the United States began to use the term “autism” to describe children with emotional and social problems” (par. 4). Dr. Kanner from Johns Hopkins University would use this term on a study, which he performed on several withdrawn children. Until the 1960’s, some researchers would continue to misdiagnose between autism and schizophrenia. Soon after medical professionals began to unravel the understanding of autism (par. 4-5). Autism can be defined as, “A developmental disorder that appears in the first 3 years of life, and affect the brain’s normal development of social and communication skills” (Autism par. 1). This disorder has a range of closely related disorders which share a core of symptoms. To this day, the exact cause of this disorder is still unknown. Researchers continue to work to find the factors that lead to Autism (par 2). As of 2012 “the lifetime cost of caring for a child with autism ranges from $3.5 million to $5 million” (About Autism par. 3). One in every eighty-eight births and one in fifty-four boys in the United Stated are being diagnosed with this disorder. It is also unknown as to why more boys than girls are prone to this disorder (par. 2). Medical professional have studied different cases of children with autism, and depending on the severity, there are appropriate medication and therapies...

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Jessica Kingsley. 2005. Print
Rubin, Emily. “Sam: From Gestures to Symbols.” asha. 2013. American Speech- Language-Hearing Association. Web. 15 Mar. 2013.
Stoddart, Kevin. Children, Youth and Adults with Asperger Syndrome. Philadelphia.
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