Republic of the philipines
Eastern Visayas State University
Influence of Childs Behavior in school by Authoritarian Parents
Jerome G. Bustillo
Susana V. Loyola
Authoritarian parenting: How does it affect the kids?
Kids from authoritarian families are relatively well-behaved. Overall, studies report that kids from authoritarian families get into less trouble than kids from permissive or uninvolved families. This is true for drug and alcohol use, and it seems to be the case for other risky behaviors, like driving without a seat belt (Ginsburg et al 2004). It’s also true for “externalizing behavior problems”--i.e., disruptive, aggressive, or anti-social behavior (e.g., Lamborn et al 1991; Sternberg et al 1996; Sternberg et al 2006; Williams et al 2009). But we should keep two things in mind:
1. Kids from authoritarian families may not be as well-behaved as kids from authoritative families. Studies suggest, for instance, that kids exposed to authoritarian parenting show less advanced moral reasoning and self-regulation (see below). 2. Many studies reporting links between behavior problems and parenting style depend on self-reports, meaning that they measure behavior problems by asking the kids to report on their own misdeeds. It seems to me that kids raised by authoritarian parents might be especially reluctant to confess wrongdoing to authority figures--even if those authority figures are researchers who promise to keep their answers confidential. So perhaps we should be skeptical about studies that rely on self-reports. Self-reports suggest that kids from authoritarian families are about as well-behaved as kids from authoritative families. But when researchers have used other ways of measuring misbehavior, they have gotten different results. For example, a study of African-American preschoolers found that authoritative caregivers--not authoritarian caregivers--were the least likely to report externalizing behavior problems in their children (Querido et al 2002). Another study tracked American kids of different ethnicities for four years--from the ages of 9 to 13. At several points in time, researchers asked teachers to rate the kids’ tendencies for social and physical aggression. The results suggested that authoritarianism might contribute to child aggression: Compared with kids from authoritative families, kids with authoritarian mothers became more aggressive over time (Underwood et al 2009).
Kids from authoritarian families are less resourceful and less socially-adept This generalization appears to apply across a variety of cultures. Kids from authoritarian families may find it more difficult to fend for themselves and make friends. Examples?
• The United States. Widely-cited studies of American adolescents have reported that teens with authoritarian parents were the least likely to feel socially accepted by their peers. They were also rated as less self-reliant (Lamborn et al 1991; Steinberg et al 1992; Steinberg et al 1994). • China. One study of 2nd graders in Beijing found that kids from authoritarian families were rated as less socially competent by their teachers. They were also more aggressive and less likely to be accepted by their peers (Chen et al 1997). Other Chinese research has linked the punitive aspects of authoritarianism with poorer social functioning (Zhou et al 2004). • Cyprus. When researchers questioned 231 young adolescents about their cultural values and experiences with peers, they found that kids from authoritarian homes were more likely to have experienced bullying -- both as victims and perpetrators (Georgiou et al 2013). • Turkey. In a study of Turkish high school students, kids from authoritarian families were rated as less resourceful than kids from authoritarian or permissive parents (Turkel and Tzer 2008). • South America and Spain. Researchers in Latin cultures report that...
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