Attraction in Social Psychology
Introduction: Attraction in Social Psychology is one of the key areas where there is still research going on to understand what are the various elements in a human that makes him/her to behave in a specific manner & how these variations are processed by the brain. The importance of this research paper is mainly to explain the basic psychological functions that are mainly concerned with the element of ‘attraction’ in Psychology & to analyze the statistical data available. So what are the various elements that cause attraction?
Do these interests or aspects vary with change in age?
Are they different with respect to the geographical areas?
What attracts people in selecting another as a mate and marriage partner? What attracts people in selecting another as a mate and marriage partner from a different culture? Many such questions will be answered in this research paper. Main Content:
The different types of situations that can cause an attraction: 1. Proximity – People usually get to know people who are very close usually to their residence especially from an early age. Such proximities can create a spark of friendship among people. 2. Association – This kind of association is based on meeting people or new students during a common class that all of them enjoy. 3. Similarity – People prefer other kinds of people who share similar opinions or have a common liking regarding other interests. 4. Reciprocal Liking – This is based on the theory that, we usually like another person who enjoys our friendship & company. 5. Physical Attractiveness - Physical attraction plays a role although not that high compared to the above reasons, in which we choose as friends. Nonetheless, we tend to choose people who we believe to be attractive and who are close to how we see our own physical attractiveness. Early studies of socialization in adolescence concentrated on the influence of parents. Building on the prior work of scholars who had studied socialization during early and middle childhood, students of adolescent socialization examined different forms of parental discipline and their impact on the adolescent’s character development. The dramatic increase in the relative size of the adolescent population during the 1960s, however, as well as growing concerns about the segregation of adolescents from adults created by the growth of secondary and post-secondary education, fueled scholarly interest in the study of adolescent peer groups and the potential influence of adolescents on each other. The human psyche operates so that we feel bad when we are socially isolated, ridiculed, and rejected and good when we are warmly greeted by a friend, complimented by a Co-worker, or kissed by a mate. On the continuum from immediate surface-level goals to fundamental social motives, people are often consciously aware of the moment-to-moment surface-level goals (to get a date for Saturday night); they are sometimes, but not always, aware of broader underlying goals (to develop a romantic relationship); and they may rarely be conscious of the fundamental motives, or ultimate functions, that un- dearly their social behavior (to attract and retain a mate). Furthermore, the links between motives and social behaviors are sometimes quite complex. For instance, aggression may serve the goal of protection, but winning a fight might also help a teenage boy achieve sta- thus or get information about himself. In fact, a given behavior can serve more than one motive at the same time; for instance, going on a date could eventually lead to the satisfaction of the needs for affiliation, for social information, for status, for a mate, and even for protection.
Problems that can arise in romantic relationships: Obsession about partner’s availability, emotional instability, worries about being abandoned, lack of satisfaction, strong physical attraction, jealousy, and a passionate desire for...
References: 1. Buss, D. M. - The evolution of human intra-sexual competition: Tactics of mate attraction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 616–628.
2. Buss, D. M., Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 12, 1–49
3. International Encyclopaedia of Behavioral & Social Sciences (Page-149)
6. Interpersonal Attraction (http://www.nd.edu/~rwilliam/xsoc530/attraction.html)
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