Attitude of Student Nurse's Towards People with Disability

Topics: Disability, Developmental disability, Mental disorder Pages: 50 (10007 words) Published: February 27, 2013
Bachelor's Thesis
Degree programme in Nursing
General Nursing
2011

Olasoji Awoyera

ATTITUDE OF STUDENT
NURSES’ TOWARD PEOPLE
WITH DISABILITIES
2

BACHELOR´S THESIS | ABSTRACT
TURKU UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES
Degree programme in Nursing| General Nursing
Completion of the thesis| Total number of pages 48
Instructors Heikki Ellilä and Mari Lahti
Olasoji Awoyera

TURUN AMMATTIKORKEAKOULU THESIS
The purpose of this study was to review the attitude of nursing students towards people with disabilities in the western world and compare this with the pilot study from Africa for possibility of cultural differences and demographical variables.

A systematic review of the previous studies were observed (n=6).The pilot study was conducted with 60 students in Ghana. A questionnaire (Interaction with Disabled Person Scale) was filled out by the students and statistical analysis; frequency, percentage, means and standard deviation were measured.
The findings revealed that the students still had negative attitude towards people with disabilities even in a different cultural background (74.76 ± 11.22). In the pilot study, no significant difference was found in age, gender. Slight different in educational level but significant differences in contact with people with disabilities, how often are they in contact and to whom do they have contact.

The study showed that there is existence of negative attitude among the nursing students regardless of cultural background. Further studies should be carried out on this and quick intervention should be put in place to improve the students’ attitude to meet up with the continuous growing in the number disabled people.

KEYWORDS:
Disabilities,nursingstudents,attitudes
TURKU UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES THESIS | Olasoji Awoyera 3

CONTENT
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 6
1 INTRODUCTION 7
2 BACKGROUND 9
2.1 Disability overview 9
2.2 Attitude overview 10
2.3 Attitude towards people with disabilities 10
2.3.1 Societal Attitude 11
2.3.2 Attitude of Health care professionals 11
2.3.3 Attitude of health care students 12
3 PURPOSE AND AIM 14
4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 14
5 SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW 15
5.1 The method of review 15
5.2 The process of review 15
6 MATERIAL AND METHODS 19
6.1 Pilot Study 19
6.2 Data collection instrument 20
6.3 Data collection 20
6.4 Data analysis 21
7 RESULT OF PILOT STUDY 21
7.1 Demographic description 21
7.2 Interaction with disabled persons scale scores and the variables 25 7.3 Comparison of the means score ,standard deviation and variables 28 8 ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 32
9 RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY 32
10 DISCUSSION 33
10.1 Discussion of methodolgy 33
10.2 Discussion of result 33
11 CONCLUSION 36
TURKU UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES THESIS | Olasoji Awoyera 4

APPENDICES
Appendix 1. Searching words
Appendix 2. Permission from Sydney, Australia
Appendix 3. Participation permission
Appendix 4. Interaction with disabled persons scale IDP
Appendix 5. Scoring system of IDP
Appendix 6. Demographic information
FIGURES
Figure 1. Percentage of age 22 Figure 2. Percentage of gender 22
Figure 3. Percentage of college year 23
Figure 4. Percentage of people that had contact with disabled people. 23 Figure 5. Percentage of how often the subjects had contact with the disabled people. 24
Figure 6. Percentage of whom do they had contact 24
Figure 7. Age and the scores 25
Figure 8. Gender and the scores 26
Figure 9. College year and scores 26
Figure 10. Have you had experiences or contact and the scores 27 Figure 11. How often do you have contact and the scores 27 Figure 12. With whom do they have contact and the scores 28 TURKU UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES...

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