Attention

Topics: Distraction, Attention span, Psychology Pages: 17 (510 words) Published: February 22, 2015
Attention

Attention
 Definition;

Attention is the cognitive
process of selectively concentrating
one aspect of the environment while
ignoring other things.
 We are particularly attentive to
stimuli that appear exceptionally
bright, large, loud, novel or high in
contrast.

Attention
 We

also pay greater attention to
stimuli that are particularly meaningful
or are relevant to our motivations.
 E.g., If we are hungry ,we are more apt
to be sensitive to food and food related
stimuli.
 It also includes listening carefully to
what someone is saying while ignoring
other conversation in a room.

Factors of Attention
Why do we pay attention to
something and not to others? What
directs our attention?
1. Objective Factors
2. Subjective Factors


Objective Factors
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Intensity
Size
Novelty
Movement
Repetition
Abrupt Change
Duration

Subjective Factors
1.
2.
3.
4.

Motives or Needs
Interests
Preparatory Set
Past Experience

Span of Attention









How many things can we hold in our
attention at the same time?
7152
16529
531584
9152693
86103279
726394105
65743989612

Distraction of Attention
 Duration

of attention is often short.
Different stimuli distract person’s
attention. if a person wants to attend
a stimuli constantly , Even then
different factors can distract him.
Person pays more attention and
concentration to his work but remain
unable to maintain it.

Distraction of Attention
There are individual differences in
distraction of attention. Its not always
necessary that two different people
get distracted by same stimuli. Some
people can study in noise ,while
others need complete silence. Two
important factors are as under:
 Objective Factors
 Subjective Factors


Objective Factors
 The

factors that distract attention
from environment are called
objective factors. Routine work
distract less attention attention while
different and novel work distracts
more.

Objective Factors
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Abrupt Change
Nature of work
Interference
Movement
Novelty
Intensity
Size

Subjective Factors


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

These factors are related to person’s
internal characteristics. Every person
get distracted by his tendencies or
interests.
Interest
Natural interest
Learned Interest
Professional interest
Mood

Subjective Factors
6. Preferences
7. Freshness
8. Motive
9. Level of Curiosity
10. Immediate Gratification
11. Emotional State
12. Mental & Physical Health
13. Desire

Control of Distraction


1.
2.
3.
4.

Distraction of attention affects our
performance. So these factors can
decrease distraction of attention.
Reward
Social Acceptance
Self Control
Increase in Capability

Control of Attention
5. Model
6. Encouragement of Creativity
7. Adjustment
8. Clear Objective

Fluctuation of Attention
It is the mental state in which
constant change is occurring due to
paying attention to a particular
stimulus.
 We can only attend a stimulus for few
seconds. If we have to attend a
stimulus for long, then the attention
fluctuates. This is called fluctuation of
attention.


Fluctuation of Attention
 Our

receptors get fatigued by
concentrating on one stimuli and stop
working. But when attention decreases ,
the capacity of receptors resumes.
 Usually we say, that I can study for 1 or
2 hour .But when a person is studying
,even then his attention is not static
,rather it’s diverting on different
words ,phrases and concepts.

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