Q2) After WWII, some of the key developments in science and technology became deeply involved in the production of military weapons, such as the atomic bomb and other conventional weapons used in the Korean and/or Vietnam Wars. Choose any one exemplary weapon or military-related technologies, such as the atomic bomb, missiles, rockets, or chemical weapons and pesticides. Please then describe the scientific and/or other social, political, organizational, and industrial developments that enabled the development of such weapons or related technologies (You can use Dwight Eisenhower’s remarks on the Military-Industrial Complex in your answer). As a conclusion you should discuss some of the ethical and moral implications of such developments.
The Manhattan Project is a very good example of the collaboration of science with military aspects. The project was implemented during World War 2 and produced the first atomic bombs, which was primarily for military purposes. After the ‘success’ of the World War 2, the twentieth century saw a tremendous increase in the relationship between science and military use. By the 1950’s, 90% of the funding provided for research in physics in American universities came from the Atomic Energy Commission supporting work on military use. Eisenhower however warned against the Military-Industrial Complex, saying that “the entire network of contracts and flows of money and resources among individuals as well as corporations and institutions of the defense contractors, The Pentagon, the Congress and executive branch” will shape foreign policy for profit purposes that will result in a future that lacks peace. The result of the Manhattan Project is two faced. The two atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was a political success on the one hand because it caused the Japanese to surrender at war. However, there is an uglier, morally ill face to the project as well. First, more than 100,000 people died as a result of the two bombs in Japan...
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