Trade & Tastes in the Early Modern Era
During the 1700s, the Atlantic system was created which had encircled America, Africa, and Europe. The Europeans bought slaves from Africa and sold them in the Caribbean and the Americas to work in plantations. Trade products such as coffee, sugar, and tobacco were some of the dominant crops grown in plantations during the Early Modern Era.
Coffee had a tremendous impact on long distance and European expansion. The use of coffee created social traditions such as coffee houses which became a gathering place for men and each "house" attracted different classes and professions. In the beginning, individuals drank coffee in private more medical purposes. By the mid-seventeenth century, coffee houses had opened all over Europe in cities such as Vienna, London, Oxford, Paris, Venice, and Marseilles. The Dutch were the first to grow coffee beans in Java and Ceylon. During the early eighteenth century, the English tried to grow their own coffee in Jamaica but were too late. The French and the Dutch traders had already gained control of coffee production and import in Europe. During the late seventeenth and eighteenth century, coffee became the most popular beverage aside from tea and chocolate. There were so many reasons why coffee was so well-liked. For one, it was less expensive than tea and contained more caffeine than chocolate. Coffee also stimulated the body, allowing a person to be more attentive. Plus, coffee was preferred over alcohol because it didn't give people hangovers.
The sugar production also made huge profits in Europe and the Americas because of the establishment of slavery. The colonization of the Canary Islands and Madeira was proved a well example in the Early Modern Era because of the colonial governments and plantation systems established in the West Indies. However, a large amount of sugar production first started in Brazil. By the sixteenth century, the price and demand of sugar had gone up because...
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