Asthma: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Pages: 5 (1592 words) Published: June 10, 2013
Asthma

Frank Anthony

April 28th, 2013

Abstract

Asthma is a chronic lung disease that is very common today among many people both children and adults. It can be very severe or it can be mild, but it will always need to be monitored. Asthma is mainly about the muscles in the airways constricting making it difficult to breathe. A person with asthma may say it is hard for them to catch their breath. In this essay I am going to summarize what asthma is, the symptoms of asthma, the diagnosis, and the treatment for this disease. I want to inform people who have asthma or know anybody that has asthma to be aware what to do and how to treat it.

There are many respiratory diseases that one can have, and most of them are quite frightening and can be life threatening. Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways inside the lungs. With asthma, a blockage of airflow in and out of the lungs occurs from muscle squeezing, swelling and excess mucous. Approximately 12-15 million people in the United States have asthma, including up to five million children (Medical News Today, 2004). There are many causes and symptoms to this disease, however there is no cure to it but it is treatable. Asthma causes a lot of stress to the body, making it more difficult to treat it. It is important as a health care professional to know a brief understanding of these kinds of diseases so we know how to take care of the patient when you are assisting them. Also it is important to know what to do in an emergency while a patient is going through an asthma attack which can be severely dangerous. It is important to know what are the causes, symptoms, treatments, and the medications for Asthma if you are working in a health care facility or even have a family member or friend living with this disease.

Asthma is a disease affecting the airways that carry air to and from your lungs. People who suffer from this chronic condition are said to be asthmatic. Asthma is characterized by three airway problems: obstruction, inflammation and hyper responsiveness. Asthma causes your airways to be swollen or inflamed. This swelling or inflammation makes the airways extremely sensitive to irritations and increases the ability to an allergic reaction. The more inflamed the bronchus becomes, the narrower the airways become making it extremely difficult to breath, almost impossible. Since the airways are getting more narrow, less air is able to come to and from the lungs. Once this occurs the person becomes anxious and scared because they are trying to grasp for air. As the airways are becoming narrow, the inhalation and exhalation causes a wheezing sound inside the chest cavity. This “wheezing” sound is a main symptom to Asthma. This sound inside the chest also feels like a vibration inside your chest, it is best heard through a stethoscope taking deep breaths. Other symptoms are chest tightness, difficulties in breathing, and severe chronic coughing. Usually these symptoms occur more frequently during the late nights and early mornings (American Lung Association, 2013). The increase factor of having symptoms of asthma during the late nights is due to the less adrenaline and corticosteroids which your body automatically makes during the day that protects against asthma.

There are many causes to obtaining Asthma; it is not hard to obtain this disease. You can be doing your normal day activities and still have symptoms to asthma. Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children. Children who have a low birth weight, who are exposed to tobacco smoke, are black, and are raised in a high polluted environment. Other risks for children include having allergies, and parents who have asthma. Allergies are another significant cause to asthma. Usually the people who suffer from asthma also have allergies. Allergic reactions triggered by antibodies in the blood often lead to the airway inflammation that is associated...
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