Asthma Case Studies

Topics: Asthma, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Immune system, Pneumonia, Lung, Pulmonology / Pages: 4 (900 words) / Published: Dec 10th, 2015
Overview Asthma is a chronic lung disease. People who have asthma have inflamed, narrowed airways which make it difficult to breathe. They may experience wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath and coughing which is often at night. Swollen airways can produce an excess of mucus which can make the airways even narrower (see appendix A). In some cases asthma symptoms are minimal and go away on their own however sometimes they are exacerbated, this is called an asthma attack. Treatment is very time sensitive, its better to treat as soon as possible to avoid severe attacks which can demand emergency care or in extreme cases lead to death. Treatments include long-term control meds and quick relief medicines. Risk factors for asthma …show more content…
They have poor management because of the lack of medical coverage because of their low income. Most of the residents of these neighborhoods in New York are also part of a minority. Due to the lack of medical coverage they lack preventative care as mentioned above which is really important with asthma because majority of attacks can be prevented with the right education about it and treatment for it. “In New York City, asthma hospitalization and death rates among Blacks and Hispanics were 3-5 times those of Whites, in a study of data from all hospital discharges obtained from the New York State Department of Health” ( Gold, 2005). Golds research also states that people with asthma in poorer neighborhoods are under treated for their asthma (2005). Gold also suggests that prevalence of smoking is high in African American populations which in turn effects asthmatics because smoking is a major trigger for people with asthma (2005). The mortality for asthma is not that high because it is treatable. According to Browne 25.5% of Harlem kids were diagnosed with asthma (2003). Browne’s article suggest that the cities’ pollution can be one of the causes of the high rate of asthma. Due to the neighborhoods having low incomes it is hard to treat the disease. Also there aren't many intervention programs to educate the …show more content…
The goal of the NACP is to develop interventions to educate people and provide appropriate care for asthma while reducing the economic burden of the disease. The NACP has been successful, within 12 years costs for asthma decreased by $23.1 billion and mortality has decreased 27% since 1999. The program mostly educates people on asthma and preventative care. Also they work together alongside states to create programs. One being the Asthma Coalition of Long Island which trained 175 nurses to inform 1407 health scare providers on asthma issues. This proved to decrease hospitalizations by 92%. They also provided funding and technical help to states. and created campaigns or funding for various interventions for education as well has health care coverage of asthma. They also promote asthma friendly schools by funding asthma control strategies to urban school districts. (CDC,

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