Assumptions and Fallacies

Topics: Critical thinking, Thought, Reasoning Pages: 3 (813 words) Published: June 3, 2013
Assumptions and Fallacies Summary

Assumptions and Fallacies Summary
* What are assumptions? How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical thinking? What might you do to avoid making assumptions in your thinking? * Assumptions are easy to make, especially considering all influences that surround us on a constant basis. An assumption is seen as what an individual might think about a given situation with first impressions or glances, basically taking it for granted. Critical thinking roles could be compromised being that the case of fact from fiction is compromised because we might already know a given fact tied into the subject or might not question the outcomes of the situation at hand. Our minds are seen to cause us to form a belief that things we assume we should never question because of the implemented thoughts we carry along with us. If it is the truth or not, we have actuality forms that we carry with us that make us form particular assumptions. Assumption avoidance until there is enough evidence to formulate such an opinion is easy to say, but harder to place into motion. We should avoid such instances of assumptions until that information to prove what is real and what is not is placed right in front of us. Assumptions are really hard to get over especially because it might stop our thoughts in forms of processes because of the fear of being wrong or making a mistake. Critical thinking is an important step in the avoiding of assumptions because we really should not come to a particular conclusion without the role of critical thinking comparing the good to the bad. Using the basics as the thinking process would be prime in making sure the avoidance of assumptions could be used in the placing together of information. * What are fallacies? How are fallacies used in written, oral, and visual arguments? What might you do to avoid fallacies in your thinking? * To prove a fallacy of an individual’s thought tactics, the meaning of...

References: Dowden, B. (2003, March 27). Fallacies [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved May 26, 2013, from http://www.iep.utm.edu/fallacy/#H4
Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2008). The thinker’s guide to fallacies: The art of mental trickery and manipulation. Dillon Beach, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking Press.
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