Principles of diversity, equality and inclusion in adult social care settings.
Task B Leaflet.
A) A description of the legislation and codes of practice relating to diversity, equality, inclusion and discrimination. Discrimination happens when someone is treated unfairly because of their: Age
This means that all employers, managers and supervisors must treat all of their employees equally. Both direct and indirect discrimination is against the law!
The Anti Discrimination Act has been replaced with The Equality Act 2010. It is now made easier to understand and strengthens protection in some cases. It sets out the different ways in which it is against the law to treat someone. The Human Rights Act 1998.
This Act sets out the rights and freedoms that individuals in the UK have: Rights to life.
Freedom from slavery.
Right to a fair trial.
Freedom from torture.
No punishment without law.
Freedom of thought, belief and religion.
Freedom of expression.
Right to peaceful enjoyment of your property.
Respect of your private and family life.
Right to marry and to start a family.
Right to an education.
Right to participate in free elections.
Information in more depth can be found on: www.equalityhumanrights.com
B) An explanation of the possible consequences for individuals, social care workers and others if the legislation and codes of practice are not followed. If the codes of practice and relevant legislations where not being followed the consequences could be severe, it could lead to disciplinary action against the employee or prosecution depending on the nature of the issue. If codes of practice aren’t being followed then this could cause a service user to feel discriminated against. E.g. refusing to assist them with a bath because of any reason. This could have negative effects such as making them feel isolated or un-heard which could therefore lead to more problems that could affect the people around them as well as themselves. Not using inclusive practice you may find that the service user might be put in a situation that they are not happy with which could result in making them act in a way that can affect them in the future. Inclusive practice:
This means the service user will not discriminate against people or treat them unfairly on the basis of these differences, and that negative stereotypes will be challenged. C) A description of how inclusive practice can promote equality and support diversity. Inclusive practice means to include people from all backgrounds, race and ethnicities. This then supports diversity as it includes all different people from different walks of life. As everyone is included it means everyone is on an equal level with no judgements regarding age, sex, race or sexual orientation. Therefore by doing this it promotes equality. Inclusion is a human right for every individual. The aim of inclusion is for people to respect all people with different beliefs and way of life and to get rid of discrimination. D) An explanation of how to support others to promote diversity, equality and inclusion. Reminding colleagues to involve everyone if they are organising an activity for example, ensure it includes the resources so someone with a wheelchair can join in. Regular training for staff to keep them up to date with diversity, equality and inclusion and encourage staff to attend these training programmes. Ensure staff know where the policies and procedures are and what they entail and that they know the codes of practice regarding diversity. www.acas.org.uk provides information for employees.
Task A short answer questions.
Diversity is an understanding that each individual is unique and recognising individuals differences e.g. their age, race, gender, religion etc. Example
Ensuring that a care setting doesn’t have strict mealtimes as some service users may wish to eat at different times this could be to do with their religion. Equality
Equality is about ensuring everyone has equal opportunities and people shouldn’t be treated differently because of race, gender, religion or disability. Example
Making sure activities are equally accessible for all service users. E.g. taking service users on a day trip, ensuring the correct amount of staff for pushing wheelchairs or assisting someone to eat etc. Inclusion
Inclusion is about allowing everyone equal access to a service regardless of their age, sex, religion etc. Example
Including individuals in their care plans and ensuring that they have a say regarding their care needs and their preferences and that these are respected and acted upon. Discrimination
Discrimination is when someone is treated differently because of their race, sex, religion, gender etc. Example
This could be not letting a service user join in activity because they are different, or they need assistance to join in and staff don’t want to help.
For each of the following people/groups of people, describe two different possible effects of discrimination An Individual
They may become very withdrawn, not want to eat or drink which then leads to malnutrition. They may isolate themselves and become depressed or suffer from anxiety which can affect their behaviour they may become challenging. Their Families
Families may start to worry as to why their relatives are acting differently and then become anxious. If they find out that discrimination is happening in the home then they may report the home to the care quality commission therefore inspectors may come in and if they find problems there could be risk of home closing therefore new homes having to be found for service users and employees losing jobs. Wider Society
Word may spread that the care home have had a bad report from cqc regarding discrimination therefore people not wanting their families to stay in the care home therefore leading in a loss of income for the employer. It can affect families in a way that If they are looking at having a relative go in a home hearing things like this happening they may feel like they don’t want them in a home and try and look after them themselves leading to family strain. Those who discriminate
Disciplinary action may take place depending on the severity of the situation, therefore not looking good on a reference when wishing to move to another job. Safeguarding may be informed so therefore the person committing the discrimination may not have the chance to work in a care setting again.
Aiii) Identify three ways of challenging discrimination, and describe how each will promote change.
Ways of challenging discrimination
How this will promote change.
Practising Active participation.
Active participation allows individuals to realise their values and reduce isolation. It also allows the individual to gain self-esteem which helps reduce any form of discrimination.
Quick and effective complaints procedure
Quick and effective complaints procedure helps the individuals know that how serious the act is taken and the consequences from discrimination.
Policies and procedures and training.
Care settings must all have policies and procedures employees must know where these are and how to access them. Regular training regarding discrimination.
Task C Write a reflective account.
Ci) How your personal preferences, attitudes, heritage and beliefs might impact on working practice.
Everybody has their own personal preferences and beliefs like me I do not believe in god where as someone I work with may believe strongly, my attitude towards certain things will be completely different to others. You do not have to be the same as others and believe in what they believe you are you own person and have your own mind. Having different preferences can affect working practice for example everybody works differently, have different working styles and have different routines. I work in a nursing home as a senior carer so I am in charge of the care team and report any problems to the nurse in charge or manager. I look after elderly people ages ranging from 75 – 99 and quite a few suffer with dementia, These people were brought up in a complete different era to us they were surrounded by wars and women were no equals to men. Things have changed completely nowadays compared to when these people where young, they do not appreciate swearing or bad mouthing so therefore anyone who does this in a nursing home that I can hear will be told not to do so as these people we look after should be respected, this may be a different belief or attitude but because we go to work to look after these elderly people then their wishes have to be taken into account. In the workplace not everybody works the same some have different working styles and some have different working speeds not everyone is the same, I may work alongside a care worker that is a lot slower in pace than working with another but that is the way that they work and this must be respected.