Assignment 1

Topics: Psychotherapy, Psychology, Term Pages: 5 (1623 words) Published: September 7, 2014

Assignment 1
This assignment will firstly demonstrate the principal distinctions between psychotherapy and counselling. Secondly I will evaluate the key requirements to be an effective counsellor and thirdly evaluate the conditions in which it would be appropriate to see a counsellor or psychotherapists. 1.1 - Analyse the principal distinctions between psychotherapy and counselling. 'Counselling and psychotherapy are umbrella terms that cover a range of talking therapies. They are delivered by trained practitioners who work with people over a short or long term to help them bring about an effective change or enhance their wellbeing' (Sanders, 2011: 10). Counselling and psychotherapy is very much intertwined. Both counselling and psychotherapy can be used on a one to one basis, as a couple or in a group. While they are quite similar, there are distinctions. Counselling helps an individual identify any problems that may occur and will then enable them with the necessary tools to deals with and resolve any issues. Counselling skills also tend to come in to play on a day to day basis, for example a nurse may use counselling skills when listening to patients or teachers may counsel students going through crises such as exams (Sanders, 2011: 12). An individual may use counselling as and when the problems arises rather than long standing issues. For example one may seek professional help when there has been a death in the family, relationship difficulties, money issues or addiction. The American psychologist and psychotherapist Carl Rogers has played a big part in how counselling is dealt with in Britain, through his 'client centred approach'. (Palmer, 2000: 5) This approach as described by Rogers, is used to help the client 'activate the self healing process located in the client themselves by providing basic or 'core' helping conditions' (Sanders, 2011: 36) The client centre approach is associated with both counselling and psychotherapy without distinction (Palmer, 200: 6) Psychotherapy can be a lengthy process, it is more about deconstructing the clients concept of themselves and then reconstruct the individual, which can take time depending on the severity of the issue. Psychotherapy helps with chronic issues and feelings that reoccur. Psychotherapy is designed more to help people with psychological problems that have built up over a long period in their life. This helps the individual identify and understand the reasons behind such problems. These issues are thought to started from early relationships in childhood. (Palmer, 2000: 6) The training required for psychotherapy and counselling can be different, although current laws state that anyone can become either a counsellor or psychotherapist having not had any formal training. (Course book, 2013: 14) While this may be the case, to become a psychotherapist can involve up to three to four years of training, including personal therapy. While becoming a counsellor also has formal training, it can to be used in more cases where training hasn't been given, such as a teacher, nurse or priest. In our personal lives we may also be quicker to offer advice in a situation we understand such as stress at work or exams, money and relationship problems, which can take the form of counselling, although it is not recommended to take counselling from someone you know. Individuals could be less likely to offer advice when an individual discusses a deep rooted issues such as child abuse, issues that began when they were a child and have affected their life as an adult. It can be harder to offer help if you do not understand the problem, which is where professional psychotherapy comes in to play.

1.2 - Evaluate the key requirements to be an effective counsellor. The key requirements to becoming an effective counsellor will come down to different attributes. Firstly the qualifications of a counsellor is necessary to show a potential client that the person you will be dealing...

Bibliography: Palmer, S (2000) Introduction to Counselling and Psychotherapy, the essential guide. Sage Publications: London.
Sanders, P (2011) First Steps in Counselling, A Student 's Companion for Introductory Courses, Fourth Edition. PCCS Books: Ross-on-Wye.
UK Distance and Learning Publishing Course book (2013) Counselling and Psychotherapy, Level 4, UKDLP Ltd.
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