Task B Complete table, research and report
Produce a report to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of differing theories of development. This report should identify how these theories have influenced current practice and include the following:
DIFFERING THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENT
There are many different theories of development which we use to understand children’s behaviour, reactions and the way in which they learn.
Cognitive development - One of the theorists behind this theory was Jean Piaget who was a zoologist who became interested in children’s cognitive development. This area of development is also known as intellectual development, for example being able to remember someone’s name or distinguishing between colours . Cognitive development is strongly linked to communication and language development.
Paget’s theory of learning is sometimes referred to as a ‘constructive approach’ as he suggested that children constructed or built up their thoughts according to their experiences in the world around them. He felt that learning was an ongoing process, with children needing to adapt their original ideas in a new piece of information seemed to contradict their conclusion. For example if a child is given milk in a blue beaker they become to learn that this is how milk is served. If then juice was served in a blue beaker they then have to rethink their theory that both milk and juice can come in blue beakers.
Another theorist, Lev Vygotsky, believed that children’s social environment and experiences are also important. He saw children as ‘apprentices’ requiring to learn through others. He also though that children needed to be active in their own learning and that play is important for holistic learning (looking at all aspects of