Women’s Health in Ho Chi Minh City Project (1/11/2004 – 30/9/2006) Implemented by Ho Chi Minh City AIDS Committee
with technical and financial support from Family Health International (FHI)
Assessment of Female Sex Work
in Ho Chi Minh City
Submitted to Family Health International, Hanoi
Nguyen Nguyen Nhu Trang
Hang Thi Xuan Lan
This assessment was conducted with invaluable support from the collaborators of Quality of Life Promotion (Life) Centre and FHI/HCMCAIDS Project staff and under the thorough guidance of Dr Luu Thanh Tue from FHI. Dr Truong Trong Hoang from the HCMC Health Information, Education and Communication (HIEC) Center provided insightful advice from a sociologist’s perspective. The assessment also received valuable input from Dr Dang Thi Nhat Vinh from the HCMC AIDS Committee and Ms Nguyen Ngoc Hanh, Vice Chairwoman of the HCMC Women’s Union. Interviews of the target group and key informants were arranged by Ms Le Dinh Hoang Phuc, the Project liaison officer and Ms Nguyen Thi Ngoc Hanh, Women’s Union staff and Director of Anh Duong Centre as well as the peer educators. Special thanks to the women who gave their time and stories in our discussions.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: An Up-to-date Overview of Female Sex Work in Ho Chi Minh City
7 Chapter 2: Research Overview
2.4.2 Sampling method
Data collection instruments
2.4.4 Data analysis method
2.4.5 Ethical considerations
2.5 Research Team
2.6 Limitations of the Research
Chapter 3: Findings
3.1 Social, cultural and economic characteristics
3.1.1 Social characteristics
3.1.2 Educational and cultural characteristics
3.1.3 Economic characteristics
3.2 Situation and scope of work of FSWs
3.2.1 Categories of FSWs
3.2.2 Areas and modes of operation
3.2.3 Estimations of FSWs
3.2.3 Mode of operation
3.2.5 Location for transactional sex
3.2.6 Income and time for sex activities
3.2.7 Sex trade activities and intermediary system
3.2.9 Impact of eradication campaigns on sex trade activities
22 3.3 Safe sex practices of FSWs and affecting factors
3.3.1. Condom use
3.3.2 Use of substances
3.3.3 Health care and access to health services
3.4 HIV/AIDS information and FSWs
3.4.1 Knowledge and perceptions of FSWs of HIV related issues
27 3.4.2 Information channel and access of FSWs to information
28 3.4.3 Life values, figures and events that positively affect FSWs
28 3.5 Existing HIV/AIDS prevention intervention programs for FSWs in HCMC
29 3.5.1 Major HIV/AIDS prevention intervention programs for FSWs
29 3.5.2 Advantages and disadvantages of the HIV/AIDS prevention program for FSWs
31 3.6 Experiences and needs of all respondents in the development and implementation of HIV/AIDS interventions for FSWs
33 Chapter 4: Discussion
4.1 How different is female sex work from before?
4.2 How vulnerable are FSWs to HIV?
4.3 What are the internal factors that contribute to the increased risk of contract HIV among FSWs?
37 4.4 What are the external factors that affect the practice of safe sex among FSWs?
38 Chapter 5: Conclusion and Recommendations
The “Women’s Health in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC)” Project (1/11/2004 – 30/92006) is being implemented by the HCMC AIDS Committee with technical and financial support from Family Health International (FHI). The project aims to minimize the vulnerability of women with high risk behaviors to HIV/AIDS in HCMC. In the past few years, various research studies have been conducted on female sex workers (FSWs) in Vietnam in general, particularly in HCMC. However, in order to have the most-up-to-date information on female sex work, the project team commissioned Ms Nguyen Nguyen...
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Vinh, Dang Thi Nhat (2004). HIV Preventive Behavior of Street Sex Workers in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Masters Thesis. Thailand: Mahidol University.
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