Assessing State Fragility of Afghanistan

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ASSESSING STATE FRAGILITY: AFGHANISTAN

State Fragility Report
INB355

Prepared for: Dr. Abdur Rob Khan Prepared by: Hasin Sadeque ( Niaz Mahmood (1030594530 Table of Content

Content | Page No. | Introduction and Historical Background | 3 | Executive Summary | 4 | Research Summary | 5-6 | Primary Drivers (Governance, Human Development, Security and Crime | 7-9 | Secondary Drivers | 10-11 | Possible Future Scenarios | 11-12 | Vulnerability Mapping | 13 | Events Monitoring Chart | 14 | Index Methodology | 15-18 | Structural Data | 19-20 | Recommendations for Afghan Government | 21 | Reference and Bibliography | 22 |

Afghanistan ranks as the second most fragile country in the CIFP state fragility index, as of 2011. Since the end of the repressive Taliban regime in 2001, the country has been desperately trying to stabilize its infrastructure and development, with the help of international aid. Unfortunately, continuous political and civil disputes have caused minimal, if any, progress in the country’s overall state.

Historical Background of Afghanistan

Since its independence in 1919, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan has suffered from corruption, civil unrest, and outside influences. With a history of power struggles and regime changes, coupled with diverse ethnic and religious groups, it has long been a volatile country.

The country was declared a republic after a political coup in 1973. In 1978, USSR troops invaded the country in hopes of destroying the Islamic insurgency. Soviet control lasted till 1989, when they were overthrown by Mujahadeen, a religious guerrilla. The tyrannical Taliban regime then began in 1996, when the government was taken over by this extremist militant movement, which when unnoticed by the international community. Only after the 9/11 attacks, were any actions taken against the Taliban, when the US invaded Afghanistan n overthrew the

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