Assess the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Psychodynamic Approach to Understanding Personality

Powerful Essays
Assess the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Psychodynamic approach to understanding personality

The psychodynamic approach was proposed by Freud. This approach towards personality is based on the notion of underlying forces such as the id, ego and superego which are either present from birth or develop during childhood shape our behaviour and personality as such. Experiences in childhood are proposed to be the basis of human personality, according to Freud and as such Psychodynamic theory proposes that some undesirable unbalances between the id and superego can create the arising of ego defence mechanisms which explain individual differences in behaviour. Freudian theory has been adapted by neo-Freudians, however while psychodynamic theories and treatments from which are still often used and widely known across the world, other theories of personality offer completely different approaches to human individuality and explanations diverge and provide weaknesses for Psychodynamic theory.

Firstly, a brief account of psychodynamic theory. Freud proposed that there are three key elements to the structure of a personality; the id, ego and superego. Firstly the id is present from birth and represents the pleasure principle; in other words this aspect of the unconscious involves instinctive and primitive behaviours which seek immediate gratification. The superego on the other hand is the aspect of personality that holds our internalised moral standards, usually developing through experiences and teaching from parents, society and peers. The superego gives humans a sense of right and wrong. Lastly, the ego deals and seeks out reality – encapsulates the reality principle. The ego ensures the impulses of the id are expressed in an acceptable manner, in addition the ego balances the id and superego. The development of the ego and superego alongside the id is proposed via the psychosexual stages of development in which the individual becomes focus on erogenous zones and

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    Personality Theories Paper Amanda Tomlinson Psy211 January 21, 2013 Wanda Rush Personality Theories Paper We talk about personalities all the time. We talk about which personalities we like and which ones we hate, but do we really know what a personality is or what makes up a personality? According to Psychology and your life by Robert S. Feldman (2010), “A personality is the pattern of enduring characteristics that produce the consistency and individuality in a given person” (335). There are many…

    • 800 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist approach to society (33 marks) Functionalism is seen as a macro-scale approach to society; it sees society as a whole rather than looking at parts of it. Due to this, functionalism sees society as a body (organic analogy), all the institutions work together to make society. This is particularly useful when observing society in order to understand the way in which it functions and the way in which all the institutions (organic analogy: organs…

    • 1163 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Chapter 10 involves learning about personalities; psychodynamic, humanistic, trait, personological and life story, social cognitive, and biological perspectives. Personality is a pattern of enduring, distinctive thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that characterize the way an individual adapts to the world. Psychodynamic perspectives on personality emphasize that personality is primarily unconscious. The structures of personality are id, ego, and superego. The id consists of unconscious drives and…

    • 433 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    commitment to learning and understanding of one’s own strengths and weaknesses, amongst the population. People need to think about the person they are and where their strengths and weaknesses lie because if they don’t stop to consider what they’re good at and what they need to improve, they will find themselves in the 87% of the population who don’t enjoy what they do. Following this discovery, I completed a personality test on 16Personalities.com that stated my strengths and weaknesses following answering…

    • 913 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    As an ISFJ personality, I have numerous strengths and weaknesses. When it comes to my strengths, I am supportive, patient, loyal and observant. On the other hand, my weaknesses encompass humility, shyness, taking things personally and being reluctant to change. With these in mind, I am prone to certain virtues and vices. Based on our class lectures and my personality type, I can easily identify my natural virtues, vices and how I would react in certain situations. For instance, I have the vice…

    • 278 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The Psychodynamic Approach

    • 1779 Words
    • 8 Pages

    The psychodynamic approach focuses on individuals who behave in a certain way due to having emotional feelings buried deep inside their unconscious mind. The theory was developed by Sigmund Freud who was a psychologist. The use of the psychodynamic approach within health and social care helps individuals understand and support patients who are undergoing the psychodynamic process as it is generally used around the world. This essay aims to show my understanding of the approach and the ways health…

    • 1779 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Psychodynamic Approach

    • 1908 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Psychodynamic approach, which considers current behaviors have its origins traced back to childhood, is one of the explanations for the repeated patterns of interactions and relationships in adult life. This essay aims to discuss the propositions that relationships in adult life are molded by relationships established in early childhood, by using the classical Freudian and object relations theories The starting point will be going over the general view of psychodynamics on these propositions, and…

    • 1908 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Psychopathology is the investigation of mental issue, their inclinations and causes. Psychodynamic approach is one of the methodologies, which clarifies the elements of conduct, and what inspires each. As per Freud, he proposed that oblivious strengths and early experience are the prime helpers. Freud's standards in light of the rule that mental disease happens from unsure feelings and contemplations from encounters in the past typically adolescence, and as a result of this suppression, abnormal…

    • 224 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    aspects of the kingdom. However, there is controversy as to whether Tiberius really stepped up to the role as efficiently as others. He was definitely a man of tradition, but was not well liked by the population. Tiberius’ reign held both strengths and weaknesses which created a debate as to whether he was a successful ruler or not. Despite his poor judgement of individuals, Tiberius had many positive qualities. He stuck to tradition and liked those who spoke up, a quality he possibly wished to possess…

    • 677 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Psychodynamic approach

    • 2913 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Task 1: Psychodynamic approach P1 – Explain the principle psychological perspectives. M1 – Assess different psychological approaches to study. Sigmund Freud developed an approach which was the first psychological approach that elucidated behaviour. Freud discovered the psychoanalysis, which is a technique for curing mental illness and also a theory which explains human behaviour. Psychoanalysis is recognised as the talking cure. Normally, Freud would inspire his patients to talk freely (on…

    • 2913 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Good Essays