The aims of this paper are to access the causes of the war in Rwanda that started in 1990 and ended in 1994 and to access the causes of the genocide, an important part of this war. I shall access the extent to which ethnic identity and cultural identity are causes of the war and genocide. Firstly I shall present a brief summary of when the war broke out and what happened over the following 4 years. I shall and then take a look at how the history of Rwanda and especially the colonial rule and revolution created and ethnic divide between the Hutu and Tutsi and how this was a mayor factor of the cause of the war and genocide in the 1990’s. Thirdly I will look at the Hutu extremists use of ethnic identity as a tool to start the genocide. I shall then give my conclusion on the causes of the war and genocide in Rwanda.
Summary of Events from 1990 to1994:
In October 1990 the Rwandan Patriotic Front …show more content…
The CDR certainly broke away from the MRND with the President’s approval. It was a strategy for obstructing the peace and the democracy process, which the president was being forced into. At the most straightforward level the CDR could claim the right to a ministerial level which could be used to block progress and in addition the President could use the CDR to advance positions that neither he nor his party could be associated with. Thus the whole raison d’être of the CDR was political extremism and this developed a momentum of it’s own what ever the Presidents initial intentions were.(25)
All societies have their extremists. The Hutu extremists were able to tap deep currents of popular feeling. Those holding high government positions cultivated Hutu extremism and hence the extremists had all the state-controlled organs of mass communication at their disposal, and could pay the salaries of ideologues in the universities, ministries and