Globalisation is the increase in the interconnection because different societies. This is what happens when locality is shaped by distant events. Globalisation has many causes including spread of information, communication technology, the global mass media, cheap airline flights and easy movements of businesses.
Globalisation creates new opportunities for crime and new ways to commit crime an example of this is cyber crime. Castells argues that because of globalisation there is globalised criminal economy worth £1 million. This can be from arms dealing, human trafficking, green crime and drug trading. The global criminal economy has both a demand and supply side; the demand is from western countries and the supply is from developing countries. However the global criminal economy couldn’t survive without a supply side that provides the source for demands of the west such as drugs and prostitutes, this supply is link to the globalisation process.
An example form this could third would drug producing countries such as Columbia have large populations of below working class people. Form them drug investment is attractive; it’s simple to produce and commands high prices. In Columbia 20% of working class rely on cocaine production which out sells all there other exports and they are dependant on it for their means of living. As a result drug crime cannot be focused only on countries where drugs are usually consumed.
Globalisation also creates insecurities and produces a new mentality of risk consciousness where risk is global rather then isolated. Much knowledge of risks comes from the media which often exaggerates dangers we face, this risk can then lead to hate crime. As a result of this is social control on a national and international level becomes tighter. For examples with immigrations the media creates a moral panic that