Legislation – The Medicines Act, Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations, The Health and Safety at Work Act, The Misuse of Drugs Act, The Misuse of Drugs (Safe Custody) Regulations, Health and Social Care Act
The Medication Policy and procedure and Mars Handbook covers assessment of individuals’ needs, administering, storage, recording and disposal of medicines including their effects and potential side effects
Common Types of Medication, Effects, Potential Side Effects
Analgesics e.g. paracetamol
Analgesics are used to relieve pain such as headaches.
Addiction to these can happen if taken over a long period of time. Also, irritation of the stomach, liver damage and sleep disturbances as some analgesics contain caffeine.
Antibiotics e.g. amoxicillin
Antibiotics are used to treat infections caused by bacteria.
Diarrhoea, feeling sick and vomiting are the most common side effects.
Some people get a fungal infection such as thrush after treatment with antibiotics for a longer period of time. More serious side-effects of antibiotics include kidney problems, blood disorders, increased sensitivity to the sun and deafness. However, these are rare.
Antidepressants e.g. cipramil
Antidepressants work by changing the chemical balance in the brain and that can in turn change the psychological state of the mind such as for depression.
Common side effects include: blurred vision, dizziness,drowsiness, increased appetite, nausea, restlessness, shaking or trembling, and difficulty sleeping.
Other side effects include: dry mouth, constipation, and sweating.
Anticoagulants e.g. warfarin
Anticoagulants are used to prevent blood clotting
A side effect common to all anticoagulants is the risk of excessive bleeding (haemorrhages). This is because these medicines increase the time that it takes clots to form. If clots take too long to form, then you can experience excessive bleeding.
Side effects may include passing blood in your urine, or