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Reproductive system

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about Sexual Reproduction. For Non-Sexual Reproduction, see Asexual reproduction.

"Female reproductive system" redirects here. For the human female reproductive system, see Human female reproductive system.

"Male reproductive system" redirects here. For the human male reproductive system, see Human male reproductive system.

|Reproductive system |
|[pic] |
|Human male reproductive system. |
|Latin |systema reproductionis |

The reproductive system or genital system is a system of organs within an organism which work together for the purpose ofreproduction. Many non-living substances such as fluids, hormones, and pheromones are also important accessories to the reproductive system.[1] Unlike most organ systems, the sexes of differentiated species often have significant differences. These differences allow for a combination of genetic material between two individuals, which allows for the possibility of greater geneticfitness of the offspring.[2]

The major organs of the reproductive system includes, the external genitalia (penis and vulva) as well as a number of internal organs including the gamete producing gonads (testicles and ovaries). Diseases of the human reproductive system are very common and widespread, particularly communicable sexually transmitted diseases.[3]

Most other vertebrate animals have generally similar reproductive systems consisting of gonads, ducts, and openings. However, there is a great diversity of physical adaptations as well as reproductive strategies in every group of vertebrates.

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