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Asignacion Lesson 8

By ashley618 Oct 23, 2013 550 Words

The Atomic Mass of Metallo

You may have noticed on the periodic table that the atomic mass of an element is usually not a whole number. That happens because of isotopes. An atom that is missing a neutron or has an extra neutron is called an isotope. They are still the same element; however, they are just a little different from every other atom of the same element.

Most of the carbon atoms in the universe are Carbon-12, with 6 neutrons. A small percentage of carbon atoms are Carbon-13, with 7 neutrons, and an even smaller percentage are Carbon-14 and have 8 neutrons. Carbon-13 and Carbon-14 are isotopes of carbon. Atomic mass is calculated by determining how many atoms of each isotope type are present in the universe. Since the isotopes of carbon make up only a small percentage of the carbon in the universe, the average of the masses of all carbon atoms is slightly higher than 12, so the atomic mass for carbon is actually 12.011.

Objective
Analyze the isotopes of “Metallo” and to calculate its atomic mass

Materials
sample of metallo (bag of mixed nuts, bolts, and washers)
balance

Procedures
1. Obtain a sample of the new element “Metallo.”
2. Separate the three isotopes of Metallo (nuts, washers, bolts) and measure the mass of each isotope. 3. Count the numbers of each isotope.
4. Record all data in the table.

Data Table

Erasers

Mechanical pencils(0.9)
Small candies
Totals
Total Mass (g)

45.0g
30.8g
17.9g
93.7g
Number

3
3
3
9

Average Mass (g)
45g
31g
18g
94g
Percent Abundance
1%
99%
99%
99%
Relative Abundance
1.00
0.99
0.99
0.99
Relative Mass

100
99
99
99

Analysis
1. Calculate the average mass of each isotope by dividing the total mass by the number of particles of that isotope. Record your answers on the Data Table.

2. Calculate the percent abundance of each isotope by dividing its number of particles by the total number of particles and multiplying by 100. Record your answers on the Data Table.

3. Calculate the relative abundance of each isotope by dividing the percent abundance from Step 2 by 100. Record your answers on the Data Table.

4. Calculate the relative mass of each isotope by multiplying its relative abundance from Step 3 by its average mass. Record your answers on the Data Table.

5. Calculate the average mass of all Metallo particles by adding the relative masses. This average mass is the atomic mass of Metallo.

6. Explain the difference between percent abundance and relative abundance. What is the result when you total the individual percent abundances? The individual relative abundances?

Relative abundance- a comparison between the isotopes
Percent abundance- comparing the totals.
The result is that the total of the percent abundance of the different isotopes of a given chemical element should be 100%. The result for the relative abundance is to divide by 100 and then by 1.

7. The percent abundance of each isotope tells you how many of each kind of isotope exist in every 100 particles. What does relative abundance tell you?

Relative abundance tells you ABOUT how much of a particular isotope is present in the mixture.

8. Compare the total values for Rows 3 and 6 in the Data Table. Explain why the totals differ and why the value in Row 6 best represents the atomic mass. When you compare the total values for rows 3 and 6 the totals differ , because they are both positive numbers. The value in row 6 best represents the atomic mass because it’s the relative abundance.

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