Ashford ENG 125 Week 5 final paper

Topics: Racism, Short story, Fiction Pages: 8 (1501 words) Published: March 2, 2015

Bittersweet Love: Forces that Cause Love Relationship to Change for Better or Worst Jazzmin Jones
Instructor Chunn
February 2015

Literature has been the foundation that develops the need to have conflicts that can creates inspiring pieces of ideas of how to overcome it or learn from it if it cannot be resolves. It express the hardships and struggles from the experiences of the writer that reader can establish connections or may acknowledge it as a worldly or personal crisis. In short story, “Country Lovers” by Nadine Gordimer and “Hills Like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemingway, both centers around the conflict that involves the issues of forces that may threaten to end love relationships in way both couples didn't want, by exploring the use of literary techniques such as symbolism, climax, and setting.

Both stories deal with forces that is causing a love crisis between each other. The theme in “Hill Like White Elephant”, the couples are dealing with the topic of their unborn child and abortion and in “Country Lovers” focus on the love of childhood friends that turn into sexual curiosity that's against society rules and expectation between blacks and whites.

In “Hills Like White Elephants”, the whole story is consist of dialogue between a young woman who is nicknamed “Jig” and the unnamed American lover, trying to talk to each other but neither are listening or viewing each other point of views. The “white elephant” which means a “possession of something that useless or difficult to expose of”(Oxford, 2014) symbolizes to Jig's unwanted pregnancy that in her perspective, is proving to be a unwanted gift but precious because of her statement about the setting she residing in where the “hills” located in Ebro across a valley that “look like white elephants” are “lovely”, which enlightens the statements to be more of something she want to experience of having the child that is unwanted (Clugston, 2014). However, her American lover only refer to it as “only[a] thing”(49), a nuisance, that is in the way to their happiness and its just one “simple operation” she has to do to make everything go back to normal as a happy couple. The alcoholic drinks also signify trouble in their relationship because Jig seem to be bother by it when she states “that's all we do—look at things and try new drinks” and refer to the drink “Anis del Toro” tasted like “liquorice” that symbolize the sweet past and bitter present of their relationship that motivates Jig to seeks something new in their relationship like getting married or having a baby, like in their current situation, but the American seem to not want or is not ready for change.(Clugston, 2014) Jig began to juggling her dilemma to either get the abortion that causing an impasse between them or do what's right and simply accept her new unwanted gift. The American is being falsely supportive through the whole story, keep telling her that he would love her if she decides to do it or not, but then deject it thinking in her case it “perfectly simple” to get a abortion. Jig argues that even if she decides to get the operation that “once they take it away, you never get it back” (80) referring to the abortion and their relationship.

Country Lovers revolves around the childhood romance of two people of difference races that turn into sexual curiosity in a society where this display of action is deemed socially wrong. The setting of the story is around the time of where blacks and whites live unequal lives “farm children play together when they are small, but once the white children go away to school they(blacks and whites) soon don't play together any more”. Thus, Paulus always “told her, each time, when they would meet again” (6) because they know they can't be seen in public view together since it's unacceptable in society. When Thebedi give birth to their child, she didn't say a word about it to Paulus until he seen it after he came home from...

References: Clugston, R. W. (2014). Journey into Literature (2nd ed)[Electronic version]. Retrieved from
Apartheid. (2014).Encyclopædia Britannica,
Goodwin, P., & Ogden, J. (2007). Women 's reflections upon their past abortions: An exploration of how and why emotional reactions change over time.Psychology & Health,22(2), 231-248. doi:10.1080/14768320600682384
Oxford Dictionary, 2014 “White Elephant”, Retrieve from
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