Topics: World War II, Cold War, Soviet Union Pages: 80 (22882 words) Published: April 3, 2013
20 Answers
In what ways did Canada contribute to world events in the period between 1914-1999?

By Meghan
1. For World War II, we mainly took a back seat during the beginning due to fear of the same events reoccurring from the previous world war.  We also sat out for fear of communism and we believed that Germany deserved a fair deal because we were too harsh on them with the Treaty of Versailles.  Also we were not prepared. 2. In World War Two, when Canada joined in ( 1939 ) was provided one of the biggest efforts in liberating the Netherlands, among other theaters in the war, in 1944 Canadian soldiers stormed Juno Beach during the D-Day landings, the Canadian Navy escorted American and British convoys across the Atlantic Ocean, which helped the war effort immensely.  3. In 1920 the League of Nations was created and Canada was one of the first countries to join. 4. When Britain declared war on Germany, August 4, 1914, Canadian troops left for England on October 3rd.  More than 620,000 served in World War I. 5. Canada supported the United Nations Declaration of the rights of Indigenous people.  This document reiterates our support of Aboriginal rights in here, and also in other countries. 6. Canada joined NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and was involved in its formation from the start.  It was the first peacetime alliance Canada had joined. 7. In 1946 Canada allowed a ship to dock in Halifax carrying 943 war brides and children from England to provide refuge to them. 8. Sep 15, 1971 - The ship Phyllis Cormack, rechristened Greenpeace, departed Vancouver to protest nuclear testing in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. The voyage marked the beginning of the Greenpeace movement. 9. Apr 20, 1941 - Mackenzie King and F.D. Roosevelt signed the Hyde Park Declaration, uniting the economies of the two countries for war. 10.  October 1946 - Twenty three nations, including Canada, sign the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, the agreement that many years later led to the creation of the World Trade Organization. 11. December 18th 1950 - The first Canadian Troops enter Korea, thereby joining the Korean War. In all some 25,000 Canadians served in the war; over 300 died and 1143 were wounded. 12. January 1980 - Prime Minister Joe Clark announces Canadian sanctions against the USSR and a boycott of the Olympic Games in Moscow unless the USSR withdraws from Afghanistan. 13. Canada was home to thousands of German and Italian prisoners during the Second World War. With Britain fearful of a possible invasion, more than 37,000 of their PoWs were transported to remote camps across Canada. 14. October 1962 - Following a period of indecision, John Diefenbaker declares that missiles in Cuba are a threat to Canada and offers support for U.S. actions by aligning Canada's military alert status with that of the United States. 15. 1964 - Canada officially chooses not to participate in the Vietnam War. 16. Canada took in proportionately fewer Jews than any western country. In 1938-39, Canada accepted only about 2,500 Jews, one of the worst records of the Western countries. 17. Throughout the 1940s Canada expanded its diplomatic service and reached out to Latin American markets: Argentina and Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Peru, Cuba, and Venezuela. 18. October 1946 - Twenty three nations, including Canada, sign the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 19. December 7th 1941 - Japan attacks Pearl Harbor and Hong Kong. Canada declares war on Japan. 20. September 1951 - Canada and 48 other nations sign the Treaty of San Francisco, a formal peace treaty with Japan. 20 Answers

Describe the Impacts that Human Beings have had on the planet. By Gabriel

Negative Impacts

1. Pollution - land, freshwater creeks and rivers, seas and oceans, and air We contribute to pollution of air by smoking, burning plastics, bellowing fumes from our cars, chemical sprays, personal sprays...deodorants, perfumes,...

Bibliography: 1. Old Age Pensions Act (1927) {1920s note, pg 12, social change}
English – Canadians who lived in Canada for minimum 20 years, had income under $365/year, and were over 70 could receive $20/month from the government.
2. Pogey (1930s) {1930s note}
During the great depression, the government gave out coupons that could be used to buy food to poor people.
4. Family Allowance (1945) {Textbook pg 124, the growing demand for social change}
Introduced by PM King, it helped family cover the cost of child maintenance.
5. Unemployment insurance program (1940) {Textbook pg124, the growing demand for social change}
PM King brought in an insurance program for jobless people.
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