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VIRGINIA STANDARDS OF LEARNING
Spring 2012 Released Test

WORLD HISTORY I
Form H0112, CORE 1

Property of the Virginia Department of Education
Copyright ©2012 by the Commonwealth of Virginia, Department of Education, P.O. Box 2120, Richmond, Virginia 23218-2120. All rights reserved. Except as permitted by law, this material may not be reproduced or used in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without written permission from the copyright owner. Commonwealth of Virginia public school educators may reproduce any portion of these released tests for non-commercial educational purposes without requesting permission. All others should direct their written requests to the Virginia Department of Education, Division of Student Assessment and School Improvement, at the above address or by e-mail to Student_Assessment@doe.virginia.gov.

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World History I

Directions
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then fill in the circle on your answer document for the answer you have chosen.

SAMPLE
The Great Wall of China was built to —
A
B
C
D

close China to foreign trade
provide a trade route across Asia
protect China from invaders
create a monument to Mongol rule

3

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1

When studying prehistoric people, cave drawings like this one allow archaeologists to —
A
B
C
D

2

speculate about daily lives
understand spoken languages
interpret written records
study farming techniques

The ancient Hebrews were among the first to develop a religious tradition that included —
F
G
H
J

sacrifices
ancestor worship
holy pilgrimages
monotheism

4

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3

What was the major change caused by the agricultural revolution? A
B
C
D

4

Which type of government was used in the Persian Empire?
F
G
H
J

5

Increase of spoken languages
End of hunting
Development of permanent settlements
Elimination of trade

Religious oligarchy
Republic
Imperial bureaucracy
Democracy

Which text is a central document of Judaism?
A
B
C
D

Analects
Koran (Qur’an)
Torah
Upanishads

5

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6
BRAHMINS
Priests and scholars

KSHATRIYAS
Rulers and warriors

VAISYAS
Merchants and traders

SUDRAS
Peasants

Untouchables
What does this diagram represent?
F
G
H
J

Class system of China
Political system of Greece
Feudal system of Japan
Caste system of India

6

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7
A

F or V

N

Which ancient writing system is illustrated in this picture? A
B

Chinese characters
Phoenician alphabet

C
D

Egyptian hieroglyphics
Sumerian cuneiform

7

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8

Buddhists achieve enlightenment by following the —
F
G
H
J

9

laws of the Old Testament
decrees of the Upanishads
Five Pillars
Eightfold Path

The Gupta Empire made a major contribution to world civilizations by developing —
A
B
C
D

the concept of zero
long-lasting roads
the production of porcelain
wind-powered boats

8

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10
Religious Beliefs of Ancient

?

• Live in harmony with nature
• Have a simple life
• Exercise humility in all things
Which region best replaces the question mark?
F
G
H
J

11

China
Greece
Egypt
Mesopotamia

The ruling authority of China’s ancient dynasties was based on the — A
B
C
D

Code of Hammurabi
Mandate of Heaven
Twelve Tables
Ten Commandments

9

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12
• Warfare between alliances led by
Athens and Sparta
• Lasted nearly 30 years
• Ended the Golden Age of Pericles
Which event is described in this list?
F
G
H
J

The
The
The
The

Gallic Wars
Peloponnesian War
Trojan War
Punic Wars

13

An Athenian citizen does not put private affairs before affairs of the state; even our merchants and businessmen know something about politics. We alone believe that a man who takes no interest in public affairs is more than harmless; he is useless.

— Pericles, Funeral Oration

In this quotation, Pericles describes Athenian society as valuing — A
B
C
D

military discipline
civic responsibility
religious freedom
economic opportunity

10

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14

Hippocrates made important contributions in the area of —
F
G
H
J

15

poetry
sculpture
philosophy
medicine

Which characteristic is associated with both the Roman and the Greek cultures?
A
B
C
D

The rule of emperors
An army of legionnaires
Polytheistic religion
Bicameral legislature

11

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16
Mediterranean Region
1
2
3

4

Which number on the map marks the location of this building? F
G
H
J

1
2
3
4

12

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17
Europe

Which number marks a province of the Roman Empire?
A
B
C
D

18

1
2
3
4

Constantine brought a significant change to the Roman Empire by — F
G
H
J

banning monotheism
writing a constitution
moving the capital
abolishing slavery

13

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19

Which accomplishment is associated with Alexander the Great? A
B
C
D

The
The
The
The

spread of Greek culture throughout the empire
introduction of Christianity to the Near East
defeat of the Chinese army in Asia
destruction of the Athenian navy in battle

20
1.
2.
3.
4.

Assassination of Julius Caesar
Defeat of Marc Anthony
Formation of first triumvirate
Augustus becomes emperor

Which list places these events in the correct chronological order? F
G
H
J

1,
2,
3,
4,

2,
4,
1,
3,

4,
3,
2,
1,

3
1
4
2

14

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21

Which civilization influenced the architecture in this picture? A
B
C
D

Greek
Russian
Byzantine
Islamic

15

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22
Division of the Church After 300 A.D.
1

2

Western Church

Eastern Church

?

?

Which information correctly completes this table?
F
G
H
J

23

Column
Column
Column
Column

1—Centered in Constantinople
2—Centered in Rome
1—Accepted the authority of the Patriarch
2—Used Greek language in liturgy

Which empire was best known for libraries that preserved ancient Greek and Roman knowledge?
A
B
C
D

Mongol
Gupta
Chinese
Byzantine

16

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24

The Battle of Tours was significant because it marked the — F
G
H
J

25

The Dome of the Rock is an example of which civilization’s achievements in art and architecture?
A
B
C
D

26

end of Muslim expansion into Western Europe
end of the Crusades in the Middle East
beginning of British dominance in Northern Europe
beginning of Turkish rule in the Balkans

Chinese
Greek
Islamic
Roman

The practice of Orthodox Christianity in Russia was primarily the result of contact with the —
F
G
H
J

Islamic Empire
Persian Empire
Mongol Empire
Byzantine Empire

17

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27

Which religion encourages its followers to make a pilgrimage to this site? A
B
C
D

28

Islam
Hinduism
Buddhism
Christianity

Which factor strengthened both the Byzantine Empire and the empire of Charlemagne?
F
G
H
J

Unity between politics and religion
Respect for elders and ancestors
Studies of geography and medicine
Patrons of painters and sculptors

18

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29
Ali, the fourth caliph, or successor of Muhammad, dies.
What was one impact of this event?
A
B
C
D

30

One of the main accomplishments of Justinian was —
F
G
H
J

31

Muslim pilgrims no longer traveled to Medina.
A permanent split occurred within the religion.
Muslim teachers no longer made the Hajj.
The desert tribes declared a lasting truce.

making Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire stopping the Islamic conquest of Western European territories reconquering territory that had once belonged to the Roman Empire defeating an invading army of Ottoman Turks

The Limpopo and Zambezi Rivers were boundaries for the empire of — A
B
C
D

Kush
Nubia
Ghana
Zimbabwe

19

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32
Major East Asian Religions

China

Japan

Which religion belongs in the shaded part of this diagram?
F
G
H
J

Buddhism
Hinduism
Confucianism
Shintoism

20

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33

Which map shows the Japanese archipelago?

A

C

B

D

21

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34
Africa

3
1

2

4

Which number marks the location of an African kingdom that
adopted Christianity?
F
G
H
J

1
2
3
4

22

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35
1.
2.
3.
4.

Produced potatoes as a main crop
Believed in only one deity
Located in rainforest
Constructed pyramids

Which characteristic was shared by the Aztec and Mayan civilizations? A
B
C
D

1
2
3
4

36
Ferdinand and
Isabella unify
the nation

Finance
exploration by
Christopher
Columbus

These events occurred in the nation-state of —
F
G
H
J

France
Russia
England
Spain

23

Charles V
expands empire
in the Western
Hemisphere

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37
[Y]ou must apply the strength of your righteousness to another matter which concerns you as well as God. For your brethren who live in the east are in urgent need of your help, and you must hasten to give them the aid which has often been promised them. — Pope Urban, 1095

This speech helped to start the —
A
B
C
D

38

Hundred Years’ War
First Crusade
Norman Conquest
Holy Roman Empire

The first European universities were based on the scholarly contributions of — F
G
H
J

courts
guilds
manors
monasteries

24

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39

The Magna Carta was important because it —
A
B
C
D

40

established the right of assembly
limited the power of the king
ended the system of feudalism
increased the influence of the church

Which diagram indicates the spread of the Black Death?

F

Europe

South
Asia

G

East
Asia

Europe

H

Europe

SubSaharan
Africa

J

North
Africa

Europe

25

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41

Which movement had the greatest influence on the Renaissance? A
B
C
D

Utopianism
Feudalism
Humanism
Romanticism

42
Began as a band of nomadic warriors
Travelled great distances on horseback
Conquered China
Conquered Russia
Which empire is described by these characteristics?
F
G
H
J

Persian Empire
Ottoman Empire
Byzantine Empire
Mongol Empire

26

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43
Movable-Type
Printing Press

?

Rapid Spread
of Ideas
Which phrase completes this diagram?
A
B
C
D

44

Construction of Monasteries
Development of Guilds
Growth of Universities
Production of Books

During the Paleolithic Era, how did most early humans acquire food? F
G
H
J

By planting crops
From domesticated animals
By following animal migrations
From nearby settlements

27

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45
Eastern Hemisphere

4

1
3
2

Which number on this map represents the region where archaeologists believe the first humans appeared?
A
B
C
D

1
2
3
4

28

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46
Ancient Civilizations

1

2

3

4

The ancient Hebrews established a civilization near which location? F
G
H
J

47

1
2
3
4

Early Hellenic culture spread from Greece to Asia Minor as a result of — A
B
C
D

dynastic decline
climate changes
sea trade
democratic elections

29

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48
Greece
3

4
1

2

Which number represents the location of ancient Athens?
F
G
H
J

1
2
3
4

30

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49

?

The Spread of

Map Legend
To 632
To 656
To 750

What best completes the title of this map?
A
B
C
D

the Plague
Islam
Judaism
the Crusades

31

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50

The Vikings who invaded Europe in the Middle Ages were from — F
G
H
J

51

Which factor was most important about the site of Constantinople? A
B
C
D

52

Poland
Russia
Turkey
Scandinavia

Mountains for stone building materials
Peninsula for easily constructed defenses
River valley to provide rich farmland
Desert oasis to supply fresh water

In the 14th and 15th centuries, most goods arrived in northern Europe from Constantinople after crossing the —
F
G
H
J

Black Sea
Indian Ocean
Red Sea
Pacific Ocean

32

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53

Machu Picchu is located in which type of geographic region?
A
B
C
D

54

Arid valley
Rain forest
Mountains
Plains

Which characteristic was most common in ancient river valley civilizations? F
G
H
J

Hereditary rule
Limited population growth
Social equality
Limited economic growth

55
Monarchy

Aristocracy

Tyranny

Democracy

This sequence describes the development of government in ancient — A
B
C
D

Byzantium
Sparta
Rome
Athens

33

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56
Prosperity in the Pax Romana
Completion of
vast road network

?

Significant growth
of trade
Which action best completes this diagram?
F
G
H
J

57

Control of price levels
Adoption of uniform currency
Prohibition of money lending
Limitation of economic regulations

Which change was a result of the rise of the feudal system?
A
B
C
D

Major cities were established.
Local lords had the most political power.
Artistic achievements became socially important.
Long-distance trade routes were developed.

34

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58
Economic Foundations of the Renaissance

?

Greater
Money Supply

Higher
Trade Volume

Which phrase best completes this diagram?
F
G
H
J

59

Closure of Banks
Use of Arabic Numbers
Letters of Credit
Church Rules on Usury

In The Prince, Niccolò Machiavelli explained why it is necessary for leaders to have —
A
B
C
D

absolute power
constitutional government
democratic participation
political equality

35

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60

?

in the Roman Republic
Assemblies
The Senate
Consuls

What best replaces the question mark?
F
G
H
J

Representative Government
Citizenship Rights
Social Structure
Trade Policies

36

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Answer Key-3171-H0112
Test Sequence
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60

Correct Answer
A
J
C
H
C
J
C
J
A
F
B
G
B
J
C
G
A
H
A
H
A
J
D
F
C
J
A
F
B
H
D
J
C
H
D
J
B
J
B
G
C
J
D
H
B
G
C
F
B
J
B
F
C
F
D
G
B
H
A
F

Reporting
Category
001
001
001
001
001
001
001
001
001
001
001
002
002
002
002
002
002
002
002
002
002
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
004
004
004
004
004
004
004
004
004
004
004
004
004
005
005
005
005
005
005
005
005
005
005
006
006
006
006
006
006
006

Reporting Category Description
Human Origins and Early Civilizations
Human Origins and Early Civilizations
Human Origins and Early Civilizations
Human Origins and Early Civilizations
Human Origins and Early Civilizations
Human Origins and Early Civilizations
Human Origins and Early Civilizations
Human Origins and Early Civilizations
Human Origins and Early Civilizations
Human Origins and Early Civilizations
Human Origins and Early Civilizations
Classical Civilizations
Classical Civilizations
Classical Civilizations
Classical Civilizations
Classical Civilizations
Classical Civilizations
Classical Civilizations
Classical Civilizations
Classical Civilizations
Classical Civilizations
Postclassical Civilizations
Postclassical Civilizations
Postclassical Civilizations
Postclassical Civilizations
Postclassical Civilizations
Postclassical Civilizations
Postclassical Civilizations
Postclassical Civilizations
Postclassical Civilizations
Regional Interactions
Regional Interactions
Regional Interactions
Regional Interactions
Regional Interactions
Regional Interactions
Regional Interactions
Regional Interactions
Regional Interactions
Regional Interactions
Regional Interactions
Regional Interactions
Regional Interactions
Geography
Geography
Geography
Geography
Geography
Geography
Geography
Geography
Geography
Geography
Civics and Economics
Civics and Economics
Civics and Economics
Civics and Economics
Civics and Economics
Civics and Economics
Civics and Economics

VA545542_WT_RB_Reg_VA540438_WT_SPC_CmtyRB 3/5/13 8:42 AM Page 38

Spring 2012 Released
World History I Standards of Learning Test
Total Raw Score to Scaled Score Conversion Table for
Multiple Choice Form H0112, Core 1

Total Raw Score

Total Scaled Score

If you get this many items
correct:

Then your converted scaled score
is:

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60

0
204
238
258
272
284
293
302
309
316
322
328
333
338
343
347
352
356
360
364
368
371
375
379
382
386
389
393
396
400
403
406
410
413
417
420
424
427
431
435
439
443
447
451
455
459
464
469
474
479
485
491
498
506
514
524
536
550
571
600
600

A total raw score (left
column) is converted to a
total scaled score (right
column). The total scaled
score may range from 0 to
600.
A scaled score of 400 or
more means the student
passed the SOL test, while
a scaled score of 399 or
less means the student did
not pass the test. A scaled
score of 500 or more
indicates the student
passed the SOL test at an
advanced level.

VA545542_WT_RB_Reg_VA540438_WT_SPC_CmtyRB 3/5/13 8:42 AM Page 39

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