Advanced Leaders Course
DATE \@ "d MMMM yyyy" 3 November 2014
Artillery at the Delaware River
Throughout history, the use of artillery has been a tide-turning asset. From arrows, catapults, and trebuchets to modern howitzers and mortars, artillery has developed into a branch of military that plays a vital role in executing any successful mission or battle. This concept, well known to the British having used artillery in their military doctrine successfully for sometime before entering into a war against the Continental Army, were well trained. The Continental Army knew the importance of artillery in having a chance against the British forces. The use of artillery at the Battle of Trenton was invaluable and the start of the eventual downfall of the British Forces. A closer look at this battle will show how artillery became dominating asset. Artillery has been a well know concept of war long before the Revolutionary War came about. As a new and developing country, the United States of America was in need of good artillery if there was a going to be a chance of a win in the war against England. After the declaration of war against the British, General (Gen.) George Washington appointed Henry Knox as the commanding officer of the Continental Regiment of Artillery with the rank of Colonel. With limited resources, Continental Military used any assets available to include a supply of cannons and mortars acquired at Fort Ticonderoga by Ethan Allen. Colonel Knox, known as the Father of the United States Army Artillery, played a key part of turning the tide and the eventual win of the American Revolutionary War. Col. Knox moved, from December 5, 1775 - January 24, 1776, 59 cannons and mortars acquired from Fort Ticonderoga and moved them to Boston to a heavily fortified position placed on Dorchester Heights to push the British from the harbor. Succeeding in Boston, Col. Knox assisted in the Battle of Long Island afterwards he met up with Gen. Washington...
Cited: "Henry Knox." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2004. Encyclopedia.com. 14 Jan. 2012
Weller, Jac. “Guns of Destiny: Field Artillery in the Trenton-Prinston Campaign 25 December
1776 to 3 January 1777.” Military Affairs, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Spring, 1956): Pages 1-15
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