Artificial Recharge of Ground Water

Topics: Water, Aquifer, Hydrology, Water supply, Irrigation / Pages: 81 (20019 words) / Published: Apr 7th, 2011
CENTRAL GROUND WATER BOARD MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES

GUIDE ON ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE TO GROUND WATER

NEW DELHI MAY, 2000

GUIDE ON ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE TO GROUND WATER

CONTENTS

Page No.
1. INTRODUCTION 1-3

2.

PLANNING OF ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE PROJECTS

3-9

3.

ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE TECHNIQUES AND DESIGN

10 - 32

4.

MONITORING, MECHANISM FOR ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE PROJECTS

33 - 36

5.

CASE HISTORIES OF ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE IN INDIA

36 - 75

Annexure 1 --Format For Preparation of Artificial Recharge Project Annexure 2 --Planning Artificial Recharge Project -- Checklist Annexure 3 –General Guidelines for the evaluation of Ground Water Recharge Projects with special reference to Basaltic Terrain

GUIDE ON ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE TO GROUND WATER
1.0 INTRODUCTION

The artificial recharge to ground water aims at augmentation of ground water reservoir by modifying the natural movement of surface water utilizing suitable civil construction techniques. Artificial recharge techniques normally address to following issues (i) To enhance the sustainable yield in areas where over-development has depleted the aquifer. Conservation and storage of excess surface water for future requirements, since these requirements often changes within a season or a period. To improve the quality of existing ground water through dilution. To remove bacteriological and other impurities from sewage and waste water so that water is suitable for re-use.

(ii)

(iii) (iv)

The basic purpose of artificial recharge of ground water is to restore supplies from aquifers depleted due to excessive ground water development.

1.1 1.1.1

Concept of Augmenting Ground Water Reservoir Ground Water or Sub-Surface Reservoirs

The sub-surface reservoirs are very attractive and technically feasible alternatives for storing surplus monsoon run off. The sub-surface reservoirs can store substantial quantity of water. The sub-surface geological formations may be

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