Everyone has seen the movie Artificial Intelligence by Steven Spielberg (or mostly everyone). The first thing they think it is would be simple, Robots. Robots who act and look like humans. The answer to what is Artificial Intelligence is truly bigger than a lot of human beings. I’m saying this because with all honesty Artificial Intelligence started out with something that most people do not have after the age of 10. That something is called “an imagination”. Artificial Intelligence is engineering and science (Sloman A. 2000). Artificial Intelligence is the capacity of a computer to perform operations analogous to learning and decision making in humans (this definition comes from dictionary.com). To just say it started out with something as small as an imagination is a diminutive definition of saying artificial intelligence started out as a history of fantasies, possibilities, demonstrations, and promise. (Buchanan B. 2005). In fact, Artificial Intelligence existed as early as the 18th century with the Turk. The Turk was a machine used to play chess. Chess has been and still is used for research during Artificial Intelligence because you have to think quite a bit while playing it. Later on in 1801 came the first programmable machine called the Jacquard Loom. I know we are all thinking now this isn’t a robot so how is this Artificial Intelligence? Well at the time only humans could loom so to be able to program a machine to loom that was a big thing.
By mid-1800’s we were on to our first version of the calculator when Charles Babbage and Ada Byron decided to join brains and make a machine that could calculate mechanically. By the 1900’s the world’s inventors who had interests in intelligent machines had concepts in the works that our children now all appreciate and that is some of the first forms of computer games. Robot is a term we can catch all four and five year olds using now, but imagine living before 1923 in the times when the word did...
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