Preview

artificial intelligence

Powerful Essays
Open Document
Open Document
2539 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
artificial intelligence
What is Intelligence? Intelligence cannot be defined abstractly.
There are probably as many definitions of intelligence as there are experts who study it. Some are following:
A very general mental capability that, among other things, involves the ability to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly (conceptually), comprehend complex ideas, learn quickly and learn from experience.
(Gottfredson, L.S, 1997).
Capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar forms of mental activity, aptitude (ability) in grasping truths, relationships, facts, meanings, etc.
The faculty of understanding.
Knowledge of an event, circumstance, etc, received or imparted news or information.
The gathering or distribution of information, especially secret information.
Intelligence: (summary)
Intelligence is the ability of: abstract thought understanding communication reasoning learning planning Problem solving
What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?
Definition:
“Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the intelligence exhibited by machines or software, and the branch of computer science that develops machines and software with intelligence”.

“Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science which aims to create it”.

Major AI researchers and textbooks define the field as "the study and design of intelligent agents” where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chances of success.

Other definitions:

John McCarthy, who coined the term in 1955, defines it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines."

AI is the part of computer science concerned with designing intelligent computer systems, that is, computer systems that exhibit the characteristics we associate with intelligence in human behavior.
Understanding languages, learning, reasoning,
Solving problems, and so on.
(Barr and Feigenbaum, 1981)

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Artificial intelligence will help humanity with its advanced problem solving. Artificial intelligence is the ability of a computer or computer controlled robots to have an intellectual process. This technology will soon be in use in everyday life and will eventually advance to the next levels of intelligence. The concern with Artificial intelligence is whether it should continue to be studied for further process or if it should just end its research. Although some people oppose Artificial Intelligence it should continue its advancement for reasons, such as cancer research and reducing surgery risk.…

    • 846 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the branch of computer science, which concentrates on the intelligence of machines, and involves applying the principles of reasoning, knowledge planning, learning, communication, perception, and controlling objects to emulate the human brain. The most recognizable AI application is robotics from Hollywood cinema, and includes films such as; I Robot, Transformers, Wall-e, WarGames, A.I., The Terminator, Robocop, Iron Man, and Star Wars to name a few, which is fictional not an actual representation of AI. Robotics applications is only one of three aspects of AI, which also includes Cognitive Science applications, and Natural Interface applications, however, the area businesses are finding the most useful is the Cognitive Science applications (Murugavel, 2014).…

    • 752 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Defining what exactly AI is has become something of a challenge. Michael Webb said in an interview with David J. Parnell for Forbes (2016), “Fifty years ago, people defined AI as, for example, playing chess. Chess was seen as this quintessentially human ability that would never be approached by machines. It was almost definitional — what it meant to be intelligent was that you could play chess. Then, along came certain algorithms and it turned out that computers could play chess at least as well as humans could.” We use AI every day. Smart phones with voice recognition, self-driving vehicles, and software that can learn our preferences are all examples of AI currently in use today.…

    • 388 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Computer Intelligence

    • 776 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The think the simplest definition for intelligence is the ability to adapt. You can tell a computer to go to a specific IP address but if IBM 's address is no longer www.ibm.com, the computer does not know how to find the new one. More specifically, it can be said that intelligence is the to take into consideration the circumstances of completing a certain task. Alan Turing, a mathematician, sought to answer the question on whether or not computers possess…

    • 776 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the area of computer science focusing on creating machines that can engage on behaviors that humans consider intelligent. The ability to create intelligent machines has intrigued humans since ancient times, and today with the advent of the computer and 50 years of research into AI programming techniques, the dream of smart machines is becoming a reality. Researchers are creating systems which can mimic human thought, understand speech. Find out how in the near future Artificial Intelligence may impact our lives, and the pros and cons of having Artificial Intelligence in our futures. And what is the history and different branches of AI?…

    • 2441 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Artificial Intelligence

    • 4709 Words
    • 19 Pages

    Artificial intelligence is about natural information processing systems as well as artificial systems, and not just about how they perceive, learn and think, but also about what they want and how they feel. It has already had a profound impact on the study of human minds. The concept of artificial intelligence began with an ambitious research agenda that was to make machines with some of the traits we value most highly in ourselves: the ability to reason, problem solving capacity, creativity and the capability to learn from experience. The field was founded on the claim that a central property of humans, intelligence, can be simulated by a machine. Fifty years later, problem-solving machines are a familiar presence in our daily life.…

    • 4709 Words
    • 19 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Or it can be defined as modeling of human thinking by computer. Intelligence is ability to not repeat same mistake, or ability to recognize the problem. These abilities are called learning ability. To give learning ability to computer, there have to be interactions between humans and computers. The interactions between them are achieved by computer language. To save learned ability from humans, computers have to understand those data from humans.…

    • 1405 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    A standard definition of artificial intelligence, or AI, is that computers simply mimic behaviors of humans that would be regarded as intelligent if a human being did them. However, within this definition, several issues and views still conflict because of ways of interpreting the results of AI programs by scientists and critics. The most common and natural approach to AI research is to ask of any program, what can it do? What are the actual results in comparison to human intelligence? For example, what matters about a chess-playing program is how good it is. Can it possibly beat chess grand masters? There is also a more structured approach in assessing artificial intelligence, which began opening the door of the artificial intelligence contribution into the science world. According to this theoretical approach, what matters is not the input-output relations of the computer, but also what the program can tell us about actual human cognition (Ptack, 1994).…

    • 1136 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Artificial Intelligence is a branch of Science which deals with helping machines finds solutions to complex problems in a more human-like fashion. This generally involves borrowing characteristics from human intelligence, and applying them as algorithms in a computer friendly way. A more or less flexible or efficient approach can be taken depending on the requirements established, which influences how artificial the intelligent behavior appears.…

    • 2938 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Artificial Intelligence

    • 1728 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Artificial Intelligence is defined as “the study and design of intelligent agents” (Goebel, Poole, & Mackworth, 1998). In 1941 an invention revolutionized every aspect of the storage and processing of information. That invention, developed in both the U.S. and Germany was the electronic computer. (Dumm, Snitzer, & Dyess, 2011) The electronic computer gave way to many ideas. Scientist began to develop theories and find ways to evolve the computer. In…

    • 1728 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Artificial Intelligence is science and engineering concerned with making computers behave like humans. Scholars introduced AI As the following:…

    • 1236 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    INTRODUCTION: The Artificial Intelligence is related with the design of intelligence in an artificial device."ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE" term is coined by McCarthy in the year 1956.Basically there were two ideas in the definition of Artificial Intelligence.…

    • 1421 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Artificial Intelligence

    • 1386 Words
    • 6 Pages

    “The ability of a computer or other machine to perform those activities that are normally thought to require intelligence” (Dictionary). In simpler terms AI is simply a machine that…

    • 1386 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Artificial Intelligence

    • 1042 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The seeds of modern AI were planted by classical philosophers who attempted to describe the process of human thinking as the mechanical manipulation of symbols. This work culminated in the invention of the programmable digital computer in the 1940s, a machine based on the abstract essence of mathematical reasoning. This device and the ideas behind it inspired a handful of scientists to begin seriously discussing the possibility of building an electronic brain.…

    • 1042 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Best Essays

    Artificial Intelligence is a branch of Science that deals with helping machines finding solutions to complex problems in a more human-like fashion. It is intelligence exhibited by any manufactured system, which is often used in works of science fiction. The term is often applied to general-purpose computers and also in the field of scientific investigation into the theory and practical application. This generally involves borrowing characteristics from human intelligence, and applying them as algorithms in a computer friendly way. For more complex problems, things get more difficult. Unlike humans, computers have trouble understanding in specific situations and adapting to new situations. Artificial Intelligence aims to improve machine behavior in tackling such complex tasks.…

    • 2943 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Best Essays

Related Topics