Artifect 2 French Revolution

Topics: Monarchy, Absolute monarchy, Form of government Pages: 3 (820 words) Published: October 24, 2013
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Global Essay
Ms. Rodriguez - Period 1
Absolutism vs. Democracy

Absolutism and democracy are two types of government. An absolute monarchy is a monarchical form of government where the monarch exercises ultimate governing authority as head of state and head of government. A democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives. Democracy is the more effective government system.

Various forms of political systems have been used throughout world history. As nation-states were built in Europe, absolute monarchs with vast power and wealth ruled countries such as France and Russia. At the same time in England attempts were made to limit royal power and to protect the rights of some of the people. There was tension between countries which were ruled by absolute monarchs and those that were ruled by democracy. In studies of absolutism and democracy advantages and disadvantages for each bureaucratic system can be identified. Absolutism is good because the ruler was able to increase taxes to pay taxes and they increased the size of their court and increased their power. Many kings also believed in divine right, which is the belief that kings derive their right to rule directly from God and are not accountable to their subjects. In document 7 it states that, “King Louis provided amusements for his nobles, and kept an eye on them too.” This means that he moved nobles into his palace at Versailles to watch over almost every move they made, control them, and probably use them as protection. One example of an absolute ruler was King Louis XIV, who was known as the Sun King, ruled had one of the longest rules in European history. He’s well known for spending most of Frances money on himself and having to ask the bank and wealthy people to keep the country going. Another absolute ruler was Ivan the Terrible. In 1560, he created secret police to murder anyone that went against...

Cited: Page:
1) " Louis XIV Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - Biography.com ." Famous Biographies & TV Shows - Biography.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2013. .
2) "Theory of Absolutism." World History: Patterns of Interaction. Chicago: McDougal Littell, 1995. 595. Print.
3) "Democracy ." World History: Patterns of Interaction. Chicago: McDougal Littell, 1995. 128. Print.
4) class notes
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