Important points of Indian constitution
It is the largest written legal document in the world.
It took 2 years, 11 months and 17 days to complete the text of constitution.
Initially it contained 395 articles and 8 Schedules.
Sachchidanand Sinha was the first chairman of the constituent Assembly ( it consisted of elected member of legislative assembly).
Dr Rajendra Prasad was elected as the permanent chairman of constituent assembly.
Dr B.R.Ambedkar was the chairman of the drafting committee and was assisted by B.N.Rau who created the draft of constitution of India.
The draft of the constitution was approved on 26th November 1949 and hence it is observed asLaw day.
National Anthem was adopted on 24th January 1950 whereas National Flag was adopted on July 22nd 1947, India has a Quasi Federal structure.
In India there are three levels of government one at center, one at state and one at Local. In case of emergency the central government gains control over the nation.
India is a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular and Democratic Republic.
Sovereign means India is an independent country.
Socialist Pattern is an economic pattern where both public and private sector work together under Government’s control. Secularism means no fixed religion and respect for all religion.
Democratic means that the government which is of the people by the people and for the people. Republic means people select the head of government directly or indirectly.
Preamble embodies the noble concept of :
Justice in social, economic and political aspects.
Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship.
Equality of status and opportunity
Fraternity assuring dignity, unity and integrity to all the citizens of the nation.
Note: the concept of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity is adopted from French revolution. Constitution is amended once during 42nd amendment where the words Socialist and Secular were added.
Note: the above mentioned points can be asked in CLAT and there are instances where it has been asked. Please check the paper of CLAT 2012 and get the idea about how questions can be formed from the above points. The thread also contains a file which is attached to it and the files contains information about all the 12 Schedules of the Indian Constitution. ARTICLES =A GISTIn this section of India Facts we discuss about Constitution of India - Articles. You get all the articles i.e. Part I to Part XXII, in details. In these Part I to Part XXII you will learn about 395 articles. Article 123 explains about the legislative powers of the President and article 213 is for the legislative powers of the Governor. Article 300A is important for everyone because it explains about Right to Property. Check out yourself all the articls under different chapters and Parts.
Part I - consists of Articles 1 - 4 on the Union and its Territory Part II - consists of Articles 5 - 11 on Citizenship.
Part III - consists of Articles 12 - 35 on Fundamental Rights. * Articles 14 - 18 on Right to Equality, * Articles 19 - 22 on Right to Freedom, * Articles 23 - 24 on Right against Exploitation, * Articles 25 - 28 on Right to Freedom of Religion, * Articles 29 - 31 on Cultural and Educational Rights, * Articles 32 - 35 on Right to Constitutional Remedies.Part IV - consists of Articles 36 - 51 on Directive Principles of State Policy. Part IV (A) consists of Article 51A - Fundamental Duties of each citizen of India. Part V - consists of Articles on the Union.
Chapter I - Articles 52 to 78 on The Executive. * Articles 52 - 73 on the President and Vice-President, * Articles 74 - 75 on Council of Ministers, * Articles 76 - Attorney General of India, * Articles 77 - 78 on the Conduct of Government BusinessChapter II - Articles 79 - 122 on Parliament. * Articles 79 - 88 on Constitution of Parliament, * Articles 89 - 98 on...
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