Article Iv (Legislative Department)

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Article VI
LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT

* SECTION 1: The Legislative power shall be vested in the Congress of the Philippines which shall consist of a senate and a House of Representatives, except to the extent reserved to the people by the provision on initiative and referendum. * Legislative Power * Essentially the Authority under the Constitution to make laws and subsequently, when the need arises, to alter and repeal them * Involves the determination of the Legislative policy and its promulgation as a defined and binding rule of conduct through the enhancement of a law * Laws * Refer to statutes which are the written enactments of the legislature governing the relations of the people among themselves or between them and the government and its agencies * Function of Laws a. Defines the rights and duties of citizens b. Imposes taxes c. Appropriate funds d. Define crimes and provides for their punishment e. Creates and abolishes government offices f. Determines their jurisdiction and functions g. Regulates human conduct h. The use of property for the promotion of the common good * Legislative power vested in Congress * Senate * House of Representatives * Bicameral Legislature – created in place of the unicameral set – up provided in the 1973 Constitution; 1935 Charter Advantages of Bicameralism | Disadvantages of Bicameralism | A second chamber (Senate) is necessary to serve as a check to hasty and ill – considered legislation | The bicameral set-up has not worked out as an effective fiscal zing machinery | It serves as a training ground for future leaders | Although it affords a double consideration of bills, it is no assurance of better considered and better deliberated legislation | It provides a representation for both regional and national interests | It produces duplication of efforts and serious deadlocks in the enactment of important measures with the Conference Committee of

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