Arterial Blood Gas Values:
1. Respiratory acidosis
2. Metabolic alkalosis
4. Respiratory alkalosis
1. When listening to the patient I would expect to hear crackles and wheezing.
2. Normal oxygen saturation is 95% to 100%.
3.Since the patient does have a history of diabetes and asthma, he has a higher risk of contracting viruses due to the fact that diabetes lowers your immune response, and asthma causes your airway to become more sensitive. With the patient having both these conditions it hard for his body to fight of infections such as a simple cold. He stated that he had cold symptoms for a while but thought they had gone away, even though he thought that he was getting better and the cold was running its’ course, the organisms that caused the cold were still within his body and were growing into a stronger infection.
4. Chest x-rays are taken to help indicate the presence of infiltrates, extent of lung involvement, and any other complication. Sputum and blood cultures are also taken to identify the organism causing the pneumonia.
5. Labored breathing and accompanied by wheezing.
6. Asthma is an inflammation of the mucosal lining of the bronchial tree and spasm of the bronchial smooth muscles, causing narrowed airway and air trapping. Since the patient already has this condition, when he is exposed to another infection he is more susceptible of contracting it because of his low tolerance.
7. Pneumonia is an acute infection of the lungs. It occurs when an infectious agent enters and multiplies in the lungs. Infectious particles can be transmitted by a cold virus or many other factors. When microorganisms multiply they release toxins that induce inflammation in the lung tissue, Damaging the mucous and alveolar membranes leading to the development of edema and exudates that fills the alveoli and reduces the surface area available for the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen.
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