Formal Analysis of Art
April 25, 2010
Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez
After viewing Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez on page 154 and 155 of A World of Art, I found a couple formal qualities in terms of organizing space. The first formal quality is representing a three dimensional space. In this painting Velazquez creates an illusion of deep space because the objects closer to the viewer seems to be larger then the objects beyond it. The second formal quality is one-point linear perspective. A one point linear perspective occurs when lines are drawn on the painting in such a way to represent lines pointing to a single object. In this painting Velazquez has a focal point, which is the young princess, the infanta Margarita. Yes, both of the formal qualities, representing a three dimensional space and one-point linear perspective, do create a particular effect. The formal quality of representing a three dimensional space creates an illusion like the viewer is there because the objects closer to the viewer are bigger than the objects beyond it, just like in reality. Nighthawks by Edward Hopper
After reviewing the painting called the Nighthawks by Edward Hopper on page 510 of A World of Art, I found a couple of formal qualities in terms of color. The first formal quality I found was highlights. In this painting hopper used highlights to reflect the light source because there are numerous shadows throughout the painting. The second formal quality I found was a use of perceptual color. In this painting I can see Hopper used the perceptual color quality because the shades of the colors are depending on the light. Yes, both the highlights and the use of perceptual color do create a particular effect. The highlights create a particular effect in this painting because it reflects the light source, which then creates different shades of shadows. The formal quality of the use of perceptual color has a...
References: Sayre, H. M. (2009). A world of art (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Prentice Hall.
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