Art History 1
December 12, 2012
Take Home Final: Part 1
Section I: Ancient Near East
The works of the art that is related to the Near Eastern time period incorporates the arts of Mesopotamia, which is ancient Iran, Syria, and Turkey between the periods of 3500 through 399 B.C. The dates of begin in the Neolithic prehistoric times and end in the historic or dynastic periods, which for the most part is prior to the Christian era. Near East was the place where the first myths and self-conscious art was developed and completed. The Mesopotamian land that was between the rivers was the central spread of all the activities as fundamental changes in the nature of daily life that occurred there. The Near East was the region that gave birth to the three of the world’s great modern religions, which are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. At the end of the Neolithic period there was urbanization in the area. The first known sacred architectural monuments were temples that were made there with ceramics by the Sumerians.
-Identify each monument below (according to the schema) and discuss the major characteristics of each monument thoroughly.
1. Votive Statues. c. 2900 B.C Near Eastern. Sumerian A great deal of insight into Sumerian religious beliefs and rituals can be viewed in their sculptures that were used in the temples. The Votive Statues from the temple of Asmar are carved in the round with soft gypsum. These statuettes represents mortals rather than deities with their hands folded in front of their chests in a gesture of prayer on behalf of their petitioners whose names were written on the bottom of the pedestal on what they stand on. These monuments are extremely stylized and are made in a geometric cylindrical form with their clothes hanging straight and rigid with no show of natural fall of fabric. They are frontal and not individualized as their faces are not portraits though thy do