Art History Study Notes

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Art Hist. Review
Ancient Greek Art and Arch. (600 BCE-30 BCE)
The Early Classical Period 480-450 BCE

5.23 KRITIOS BOY Acropolis, Athens 480 BCE
-Marble
-He is self confident and serious looking
-He is a sculpture in the round
-The artist is believed to be KRITIOS
-The statue has an S-curve to him and is in the contrapposto pose, which is when artists use tension and relaxation around the central axis of the body to increase to muscular tension and enhance the musculature of a body. It is shown here because his weight is all on the left foot, causing his hip to jut out. His right knee is slightly bent and he has a slight drop in his shoulders.
-The artist also made a point to have his head slightly turned to hint that the viewer should take in the entirety of the piece.

High Classical Period 450-400 BCE

5.29 ACROPOLIS, ATHENS 447-432 BCE
-In the High classical period which only lasted a half-century and set the standards for art and architecture. There was also turmoil between the Spartans and the Athenians in this time period which was referred to as the Peloponnesian War.
-“Acro” means high and “polis” means city.
-The Acropolis of Athens was once considered a fortress and sanctuary but was later turned into a religious and ceremonial centre for Athena the cities patron and protector.
-It was destroyed by Persian troops in 480 BCE and was going to be left and a memorial site of ruins but Perikles convinced them to rebuild it.

5.31 Parthenon, Acropolis Athens 447-432 BCE
-KALLIKRATES AND IKTINOS
-Pantelic Marble
-Has the pediment, frieze, triglyph, metope, architrive, abacus, mechinus and necking
-Athens, Corinth and Sparta.
-Depicted gods and goddesses who they believed were immortal and supernatural
-Sanctuaries for gods and goddesses in form of outdoor alters---replaced by temples integrated into natural site
-temples decorated with ceramic sculptures
-mathematical proportions which artists use to convey structure and order 4:9

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