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Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt - Paper

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Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt - Paper
Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter one: Introduction

1. Introduction………………………………………….4 2. What is Art ………………………………………….5 3. What is Architecture………………………………...5

Chapter Two: Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt
2.1 Ancient Egyptian art……………………………..…....7
2.2 Symbolism…………………………………………….8
2.3 Papyrus………………………………………………...8
2.4 Pottery……………………………………………........8
2.5 Sculpture………………………………………....…....9
2.6 Hieroglyphs………………………………………….11
2.7 Literature…………………………………………….11
2.8 Paintings……………………………………………..11
2.9 Evolution…………………………………………….12
2.10 Ancient Egyptian Architecture…………………......13
2.11 Characteristics of Egyptian Architecture…………..14
2.12 The Giza pyramid complex………………………...15
2.13 Karnak……………………………………………...16
2.14 Luxor Temple………………………………………17
Chapter Three: Conclusion
Conclusion…………………………………………….…19

Chapter One

Introduction

Introduction
The civilization of the New Kingdom seems the most golden of all the epochs of Egyptian history, perhaps because so much of its wealth remains. The rich store of treasures from the tomb of Tutankhamen (1347-1337 B.C.) gives us a glimpse of the dazzling court art of the period and the skills of the artisans of the day.
One of the innovations of the period was the construction of rock tombs for the pharaohs and the elite. Around 1500 B.C., Pharaoh Amenophis I abandoned the pyramid in favor of a rock-hewn tomb in the crags of western Thebes (present-day Luxor). His example was followed by his successors, who for the next four centuries cut their tombs in the Valley of the Kings and built their mortuary temples on the plain below. Other wadis or river valleys were subsequently used for the tombs of queens and princes.
Another New Kingdom innovation was temple building, which began with Queen Hatshepsut, who as the heiress queen seized power in default of male claimants to the throne. She was particularly devoted to the worship of the god Amun,

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