1. (20points) How does Carravaggio use naturalism in the “Calling of St. Matthew”? Caravaggio’s Calling of St. Matthew, paints a vivid picture of religion without making it completely obvious that it is based on religion through elements of naturalism. The men around Matthew are dressed in fine clothing and the other two subjects walking through the door are not. However, viewers can see that the figure with the light beaming over his head as he is pointing and the thin gold line is of great importance. This leaves viewers to believe that the picture is a depiction of Christ. Christ is pointing to Matthew and he in return points to himself, as to ask “are you talking to me.” Another element of naturalism is the way Christ’s face and hand are illuminated in the gloomy interior so that we see the precise moment of his calling to Matthew is yet another element of naturalism in the painting. Caravaggio shows us through the painting an “actual” moment of religious history and conversion of Matthew. In summary this Caravaggio execution in this painting tells a clear story that is very natural and not over-exaggerated. 2. (20 points) Describe a work that uses tenebrism.
In The Conversion of St. Paul Caravaggio shows intense and vivid tenebrism by employing muted tones and a nearly black background. St. Paul is laying on the ground with his hands up as he is struck by the light of God. The light also reveals the flank and mane of his horse that takes up most of the space. The intense raking light from an unseen source at the left is used to model forms and create textures. The light in the painting makes us imagine that the subjects are larger and are partly revealed by the light. The selective highlighting endows the life-size figures with a startling presence and theatricality typical of the Baroque. 3. (20 points) What are the characteristics of Baroque Sculpture? Give an example of a sculpture that employs Baroque style. Characteristics of...
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