Indian Army | | Founded | 15 August 1947 – present | Country | India | Type | Army | Size | 1,129,900 active personnel
960,000 reserve personnel
158 aircraft | Part of | Ministry of Defence
Indian Armed Forces | Headquarters | New Delhi, India | Motto | Service Before Self | Colours | Gold, red and black | Website | Official Website of the Indian Army | Commanders | Chief of the Army Staff | General Bikram Singh | Notable commanders |
Field Marshal Cariappa
Field Marshal Manekshaw |
Soldiers from the 4th Rajput Infantry Battalion of the Indian Army handling INSAS rifles during a training mission.
The Indian Army (IA, Hindi: भारतीय थलसेना, Bhāratīya Thalasēnā) is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. ThePresident of India is the Commander-in-Chief of the army, and it is commanded by the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), who is a four-star general. There is typically never more than one serving general at any given time in the army. Two officers have been conferred the rank of Field marshal, a five-star ranked general, who serves as the ceremonial chief.
The primary mission of the Indian Army is to ensure national security and unity, defending the nation from external aggression and threats, and maintaining peace and security within its borders. It conducts humanitarian rescue operations during natural calamities and other disturbances, likeOperation Surya Hope, and can also be requisitioned by the government to cope with internal threats. It is a major component of national power alongside the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force. The army has been involved in four wars with neighbouring Pakistan and one with China. Other major operations undertaken by the army include Operation Vijay, Operation Meghdoot andOperation Cactus. Apart from conflicts, the army has conducted large peace time exercises like