Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist who lived from 384-322 B.C who was born in Stagira, Macedonia. His father played a major role in society as a physician in the royal court. Young Aristotle took a liking to Plato and decided to go to his academy at the age of seventeen. For the next twenty years, Aristotle remained there first as a student then as a teacher. After the death of Plato, Aristotle moved to Assos in the Asia Minor where he tutored his friend Hermias who was the ruler there and decided to marry his niece. After his death he then tutored Alexander the Great at the capital of Macedonia known as Pella. Later in his life, Aristotle decided to move back to Athens, Greece to open up his own school known as Lyceum. "Upon the death of Alexander in 323 B.C., strong anti-Macedonian feeling developed in Athens, and Aristotle retired to a family estate in Euboea (Évvoia). He died there the following year" (Brumbaugh, Robert S.). Before he had died, the Athenians charged Aristotle, like Socrates, with impiety that means a lack of reverence to the gods. He remembered the fate that Socrates once had where he was condemned to death. "He fled to the city of Chalcis so the Athenians would not, as he said, "sin twice against philosophy" (Soll, Ivan).
Aristotle has written many works in his lifetime and has had many ideas. One of his many ideas was his idea of freedom. He had many opinions on the way one should live their life. "Aristotle argued that the goal of human beings is happiness and that we achieve happiness when we fulfill our function" (Soll, Ivan). What Aristotle means by this is that you have to figure out what makes you happy in life and do whatever it takes for one to reach that ultimate goal of happiness. In order to do this, we must figure out what our function is. "Thus, according to Aristotle, a happy life for human beings is a life governed by reason" (Soll, Ivan).
A book that Aristotle wrote in 350 B.C. was called...
Cited: Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics Book III. Editorial.
Classics of Philosophy.
Louis P. Pojman. 304. Oxford University Press, Inc.
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Brumbaugh, Robert S. "Aristotle," Microsoft®
Encarta® Online Encyclopedia
2003. http://encarta.msn.com © 1997-2003 Microsoft
Soll, Ivan. "Aristotle," World Book Online Americas
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