Throughout the course of the progressive era significant legislations helped to control the growing urban society. Austin et al. claim that the establishment of a juvenile justice system is “one of the most progressive developments in the evolution of criminal justice in the United States” (4). Influenced by the children’s welfare, the juvenile law adopted the English doctrine parens patriate which gave states the authority to assume the role of a parent (Soulier & Scott 138). However as the delinquency rate ascended it provoked the modification of certain laws that made it evolved similar to that of an adult system. Such regulations facilitate the transfer of juvenile offenders to be trial as adults, thereon penalized as so. Despite the distinctive approach towards juvenile violence, many delinquents waived to an adult court are not fully capacitated enough to be held responsible for their actions. Furthermore, their inexperience leaves them vulnerable in prison with the increased possibility of being victimized by adult inmates. Transferring youth to the adult system also denies them the adequate attention that the juvenile court system can provide. Nonetheless, relegating the youth into a criminal system deprives them from the opportunity of becoming a productive member in society. After the Illinois Juvenile Court Act founded the first juvenile system in 1899, its concept to serve the best interests of children has well been diminished over the century. Behrman et al. assert that the 1960’s landmark Supreme Court cases, rejected the parens patriate philosophy thus required the practice of basic constitutional measures within juvenile court proceedings (10). Although the rise in delinquency was taking effect in society, many offenders were being influenced either by peer pressure or by the inadequate environments. Unlike adults, juveniles are known to be more susceptible to emotional behavior therefore it is unlikely they would...
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