Resource: Week Two Video Lectures.
Write a 700- to 1,050-word comparison and contrast paper in which you compare Classical Greek temple architecture, such as the Parthenon, and medieval Gothic cathedrals, such as Salisbury or Amiens Cathedrals.
Address the following aspects:
Date built and main purpose of each (introduction)
* The original construction of the Parthenon was built in 448-432 BCE. The Parthenon was dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, she was known as the virgin patron from here people in Greece. Parthenon was built for the purpose to store the chryselephantine statue of Athena. The sculptor of Parthenon was Pheidias, it was designed by Iktinos and Kallikrates, the two men were architects for the project. *
* The classical greek Parthenon was built with a Doric style that is simple and graceful, the same way the people of Athens represented themselves in the 4th and 5th century. In the center of the monument was a circular colonnade in the background for the gold and ivory statue of Athena Parthenos. The base of the Parthenon was surrounded by monuments of Zeus the father of Athena giving birth to Athena the goddess, in the west base of the monument shows Athena and Poseidaon disputing for the taking of Athens before the gods. Along the other base sides were decorated with other sculptural pieces like the lions heads in the corners of the base. *
* One architectural innovation for the Parthenon, is the even spaces between each column, and making the middle of each column a different size than the rest of the column to give a aesthetic effect, also they made the top of the pillars smaller than the bottom to give it a visual illusion that the monuments is a little thinner and little further apart. *
The original Amiens Cathedral in France was built in 1152; it was destroyed in a fire in 1218. Different parts of the Amiens Cathedra was completed, in 1220 was when it started the new construction,...
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